Zumbi Back Prize list
Zumbi Dos Prize list was one of the most important war leaders of the autonomous kingdom of the Palmares, founded at the 17th century by slaves risen in the North-East of the Brésil.
It would seem that he was born with the neighborhoods from 1655 in one from the communities from Prize list. Towards 1662, whereas he is still child, he is made prisoner by soldiers Portuguese at the borders of the autonomous territory. By an amazing chance, it is not carried out, but is not delivered to the father Antonio Mello. This one baptizes it and its Christian name gives him: Francisco.
It spends the years then to help the Antonio father with the mass and to learn the Portuguese and the Latin . It is in the neighborhoods of 1670, being hardly fifteen years old, which he flees and turns over to Palmares.
As of 1675, twenty years old, it proves to be a strategist and a military chief of quality during the fights counter the soldiers of the sergeant Manuel Lopes.
In 1678, Pedro de Almeida, governor of the area of the Pernambuco, proposes with insurgent to go and that exchanges some forgiveness will be granted to them and that it will be able to resume their work of slaves without punishment nor execution.
One of the war leaders, Ganga Zumba, accepts. Zumbi, which cannot tolerate such a treason, takes the head of the resistance which is set up seriously since 1680.
According to some, he would have assassinated Ganga Zumba, to have collaborated with the Portuguese.
Having behind him still a strong handle of insurrectionists, Zumbi resists valiantly during about fifteen years. It becomes an icon for its own people, and some affirm that it partly human and is partly inhabited by African spirits: orixas (see Candomblé). It is in 1694, that the commanders Domingos Jorge Velho and Vieira of Mello, supported of a powerful artillery, carry out a destroying attack on the Prize lists. After valiant combat, Zumbi, seriously wounded, is constrained to escape in the Jungle.
This character remains an icon of anti-slavery resistance and anticolonialist, and a hero for the community Brazilian Negro, Brazil and the Latin America in general.
Many still celebrates the November 20th, birthday of its death, like the day of the conscience and resistance Brazilian Negro.
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