Zeus (in Greek old Ζεύς / Zeús , of the root Indo-European *dyēus , god of the sky) is the king of the gods in the Greek Mythologie. He reigns on the Sky and has as a symbol the eagle and the the lightning. Wire of Cronos and Rhéa, he is married with his sister Héra. He had several children of which Héraclès, a demigod, and Athéna, which was been confined by Zeus itself, and which left to him by the top cranium, split by Héphaïstos, his/her own son, disavowed by his/her father some time afterwards.
Zeus is related with Jupiter in the Roman Mythologie. One also finds similar divinities in others panthéons: Taranis at the Gallic, Thor and Odin at the Scandinavian or Dyaus Pitar and Varuna at the Hindu .
The birth of this wire of Titan S brother and sister brings a first pre-Olympian legend. Indeed, fearing to be made détrôner by one of his/her children, Cronos, as of their birth, devoured them. Rhéa, afflicted, decided to save its sixth child, Zeus, by offering for meal to her husband a large stone to the place of the infant.
It made raise this last in hiding-place with Lyctos by the nymphs Ida and Adrastée, in Crete, where it was nourished by the goat's milk Amalthée (of which one of the horns will become the Horn of plenty). So that Cronos does not hear the cries of new born, his/her mother had placed in the neighborhoods of the den some of her children, the very noisy Curètes, warriors of weapons. While growing, it opened the belly of his father to release his brothers and sisters.
The mythographe Antoninus Liberalis brings back in its Métamorphoses a version different from the legend, resumption of Boïos: Rhéa puts at the Zeus world in a cave crétoise. There, the child is nourished by bees. Four natives venture one day in the cave to take honey there, and see the young god. Courroucé, this one threatens to strike down them, but is retained by it by THEMIS and the Moires, because it is “interdict to die in this crowned place”. Zeus then transforms them into birds, carrying predict. The remainder of the legend is lost. Few indices make it possible to attach this passage with the hesiodic version.
According to Homère, however, Zeus is elder children of Cronos, and in the car its capacity. Thus, Poséidon yields to him during the Trojan War, because “they have both same origin and even parentage; but Zeus is its elder and knows some more than him” ( Iliade , XIII, 354-355). At Homère, it has for Parèdre the Océanide Dioné, which remains to him associated in the oracular sanctuary with Dodone.
LovesZeus is famous for its innumerable adventures with mortal (it) S, goddesses and nymphs: Danaé, Alcmène, Sole, Léto, Europe, Ganymède, etc He is the father many gods: Ares, Athéna, Dionysos, Hermes, Apollo and Artémis; many heroes: Héraclès (Hercules), Persée, Beaver and Pollux, etc
These many inaccuracies of Zeus to his third Héra wife (after Mongrel and THEMIS) are the cause of frequent arguments between the divine husbands. Moreover, the goddess showing herself of a very vindicatory nature, it often continued her revenge the mistresses (Io, Léto, etc) or even the children (Héraclès) on her husband.
As its name attests it, derived from the Indo-European root *dei- meaning “to shine”
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