Yi (ethnos group)
The Yi () are a modern Ethnicity of China. One counted 7,8 million individuals into 2000 who represent the seventh greater ethnicity of the 56 officially identified by the Popular republic of China. They live mainly in rural sectors of the Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi, usually in mountainous regions. Yi speak a language tibéto-Burmese, the yi, of which there exist many varieties and which they write with the Syllabaire yi.
HistoryYi are descendants of the ancient people of Qiang of the west of China, one also thinks that they are ancestors of the people Tibetan S, of Naxi and of Qiang. They emigrated of the south-east of the Tibet in Sichuan and in the province of Yunnan, where the majority of their population resides now. They practice a form of Animisme under the direction of a priest known Shaman under the name of Bimaw. Their religion also includes many elements of the Taoïsme and the Bouddhisme. Much Yi of the North-West of Yunnan practiced slavery.
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