The Wyoming (in English) is a State of the west of the the United States, bordered in the west by the Idaho, in north by the Montana, in the east by the Nebraska and the South Dakota and in the south by the Colorado and the Utah. The third is State is located in the Grandes Plains, but Wyoming is mountainous on all the remainder of its territory. It is the State less populated the United States with its: 509294 inhabitants. Its capital and more big city are Cheyenne.
HistoryWyoming was formerly inhabited by several groups Amerindian S of which the Crows, the Arapaho S, the Sioux, the Shoshone S which were met by the white explorers when they discovered the area. Although French trappers had to venture in the northern part of the State towards the end of the Années 1700, it was undoubtedly John Colter, a member of the Expédition Lewis and Clark, which was the first white American to penetrate in 1807 there, but its reports/ratios relating to Yellowstone at the time were regarded as fictional. The explorer Jim Bridger discovered South Pass in 1827, which will become thereafter the road followed by the Piste of Oregon. In 1850, Bridger located also what one calls today Bridger Pass, which will be later used by the Union Pacific in 1868 initially and by the Interstate 80 in the second time at the 20th century. Although he visited to him also Yellowstone and endeavoured to transcribe his discoveries, it was considered that its writings could be only tales.
After the arrival of the Union Pacific with Cheyenne, become capital of the State in 1867, the population started to increase in the Wyoming Territory , established the July 25th 1868. Contrary to the States of the Montana, the South Dakota and the Colorado, Wyoming never knew fast expansion of the population because one did not make there a major discovery of Or or money. Only copper could be discovered in some areas of the State.
As soon as the government organized forwardings towards Yellowstone, the preceding reports/ratios men like Colter and Bridger appeared true. That led to the creation of the Yellowstone National Park which became the first national park with the world in 1872, located in the part more at the North-West of the State, with some portions of the park extending on the neighboring states.
Wyoming was allowed in the Union the July 10th 1890. Its name is a homage to the Vallée of Wyoming of Pennsylvania, made famous for the poem Gertrude off Wyoming of Thomas Campbell (written in 1809). This name was suggested by J. Mr. Ashbey of the Ohio.
In 1869 Wyoming will be the first State of the the United States to grant the right to vote with the women, at least partially with an aim of gathering votes enough to be allowed like a State. Wyoming will see also the first women arriving in policy, in justice… and with the function of governor of the State: Nellie Tayloe Ross will be it indeed in 1925.
Of a surface of 253 326 km ², Wyoming are populated of 493 782 inhabitants (2000). It is at the same time the State less populated of the United States and, if one excludes the Alaska, that which with the more weak density of population (1,95 hab/km ²).
Wyoming is generally regarded as an arid State, most of its grounds receiving less 254 mm (10 inches) of precipitations per annum. Consequently, the ground proposes few opportunities for the Agriculture. The ranching is on the contrary very widespread, especially in the areas located near the many assembly lines. The State is indeed dominated by the chain of the Rocheuses and culminates with more 4 000 meters of altitude.
SubdivisionsThe State of Wyoming is divided of 23 counties.
- See the list of the Counties of the State of Wyoming.
- Cheyenne (55 000 inhabitants)
- Casper (51 000 inhabitants)
- Laramie (28 000 inhabitants)
- Gillette (20 000 inhabitants)
- Sheridan (15 800 inhabitants)
- Rawlins (9800 inhabitants)
- Cody (9000 inhabitants)
PopulationIn 2005, Wyoming has a population estimated at: 509294 inhabitants, which represents an increase of 0,7% (3 407 inhabitants moreover) compared to the previous year and with an increase of 3,1% (: 15512 people in more) since the census of 2000.
The population is distributed as follows:
PolicyWyoming is a very preserving State and of republican tradition .
At the time of the presidential election of 2004, the president and republican candidate George W. Bush obtained there 68,86% of the voices compared with 29,07% with the democratic candidate John Kerry.
No democrat carried the State with the presidential election since Lyndon Johnson in 1964.
The legislature of Wyoming is made up of a Room and a Senate. At the time of the 59e congress, during the legislature 2007 - 2008, the Room is dominated by 43 republicans against 17 democrats and the Senate by 23 republicans against 7 democrats.
At the federal level, the two senators of the State are the republicans John Barrasso and Mike Enzi whereas, since 1995, the single elected official of Wyoming to the room of the representatives is republican Barbara Cubin.
EconomyThe coal is exploited in various areas of Wyoming, as in the basin of the Powder River.
- the University of Wyoming
- Casper College
- the Exchange Wyoming College
- Eastern Wyoming College
- Laramie County Community College
- Northwest College
- Sheridan College
- the Western Wyoming Community College
- the Wyoming Technical Institute (WyoTech)
Films made in Wyoming
- Meetings of the third type ( Closed Encounters with the Third Kind ) Steven Spielberg, 1977, with Richard Dreyfuss, François Truffaut and Teri Garr.
- national Forest of Shoshone
- Official site of the State of tourist Wyoming
- Official site of Wyoming
- U.S. Census Office
- Photographic virtual turn off Wyoming.
- Photographs off Wyoming - Terra Galleria
Beats-smg: Vajomings Simple: Wyoming Zh-min-nan: Wyoming
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