Wuhan (武汉; Pinyin : Wǔhàn ), on banks of the Chang Jiang is the capital of the province Hubei and more the big city of China not to be in the extreme is country. It has the administrative statute of under-provincial city. Its population is of 7,8 million inhabitants.
GeographyIt is the twelfth plus big cities of China, with the varied landscapes: mountains, lake, river. At the same time very modern, with for example the center town and its skyscrapers, and in charge of history, the city is also known like one of the “furnaces” of the China, because of the very high temperatures reached in summer.
Wuhan is in fact made up of three cities located on both sides of the Chang Jiang: Hankou, where the center of the businesses is, Hanyang and Wuchang where are the majority of the many universities wuhanaises.
HistoryIt is also the city where in October 1911 began the Soulèvement of Wuchang (武昌起義 pinyin : wǔchāng qǐyì), having led to the capacity Sun Yat-SEN, leader of the first Chinese revolution, thus transforming the imperial capacity of the Dynasty Qing into Republic of China.
Hankou was a French concession, end of the Guerre of opium (1896) to 1946, after a first retrocession proposed by the mode of Vichy in 1943. There is always today an important French community with Wuhan.
During the Second world war, the city was tested hard by the army Showa (Japanese) which used inter alia the Chemical weapons with 375 recoveries in order to make sure of the control of the area to the autumn 1938. In spite of the violence of the means used, the Japanese occupation however was supplemented only at the summer 1939.
There is an important zone of economic development in the suburbs of Hanyan. Wuhan is the town of birth of Wu Yi, vice-premier female of RP.
LanguageAlthough one speaks the Mandarin there, as in the remainder of China, a local dialect, the Wuhanhua (武汉话), is always largely spoken there. He close to the dialects is spoken in the province about the Sichuan and Hunan.
EducationThe University of Wuhan sign inter alia the French and made cultural exchanges with the France, in particular with the universities of Nancy - Metz. A bust of Alain Peyrefitte, Sinologist and politician French, is set up there. A French-speaking medical die has developed for 10 years. Professors of the Medical college of Nancy will teach their specialities in French language with the students of this die. Each year, 15 of them are accommodated in training course with the Faculty and the CHU of Nancy. Thanks to this collaboration, the Zhongnan university hospital must become the first Franco-Chinese university hospital.
Wuhan University off Technology, accommodates as for it French students in last year of school of engineers with the EFREI (School of Information Technologies and Management), for one or two six-month periods of studies.
The university of Wuhan is the first Chinese university which takes part in the teaching of the license of management, French national diploma. This program which accommodates more than 100 Chinese students, is the subject preparatory of one year of training of the French language. The students who will have validated four first half of the year, will be able to finish the two last six-month periods of studies at the university of Lille2 (UFR University of the Businesses), where the same diploma is delivered. The lesson is exempted by a French and Chinese teaching staff.
EconomyThe city shelters the principal factory construction in China of the French car manufacturer PSA Peugeot Citroen, the site of assembly of Wuhan. It is the town of China which receives the most French investments.
In 2005, total GDP was of 223,8 billion Yuan S, and the GDP per capita of: 26238 yuans.
- the lake of the east (东湖, donghu)
- the Tower of the yellow crane (黄鹤楼, huanghelou)
- the University of Wuhan
- the Temple Guiyuan
Administrative divisionsThe under-provincial city of Wuhan exerts its jurisdiction on thirteen districts :
- the district of Jiang' year - 江岸区 Jiāng' àn Qū ;
- the district of Jianghan - 江汉区 Jiānghàn Qū ;
- the district of Qiaokou - 硚口区 Qiáokǒu Qū ;
- the district of Hanyang - 汉阳区 Hànyáng Qū ;
- the district of Wuchang - 武昌区 Wǔchāng Qū ;
- the district of Qingshan - 青山区 Qīngshān Qū ;
- the district of Hongshan - 洪山区 Hóngshān Qū ;
- the district of Dongxihu - 东西湖区 Dōngxīhú Qū ;
- the district of Hannan - 汉南区 Hànnán Qū ;
- the district of Caidian - 蔡甸区 Càidiàn Qū ;
- the district of Jiangxia - 江夏区 Jiāngxià Qū ;
- the district of Huangpi - 黄陂区 Huángpí Qū ;
- the district of Xinzhou - 新洲区 Xīnzhōu Qū .
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