World cup of cricket
|- | colspan=" 2" style=" text-align: left; padding: 0.5em; " bgcolor=" white" | |- | Participating | bgcolor=#EEEEEE| 16 qualified (for 97 participants) |- | qualified Nations | bgcolor=#EEEEEE| 19 (total) |- | Holding of the title | bgcolor=#EEEEEE| Australia |- | the most victorious Nation | bgcolor=#EEEEEE| Australia (4 titles) |}
The World cup of Cricket or ICC Cricket World Cup is the most prestigious tournament of the cricket masulin, disputed in One-day International ( ODI ). The competition is organized by the International Cricket Council ( ICC , being the international federation of cricket) every four years since 1975 in a final stage (of the eliminating heats are disputed to determine the qualified teams). In 1975, the first world cup was organized in England (two years after the first female world cup of cricket). The Australia gained the trophy with four recoveries, the the Indies Occidentales twice, and the India, the Pakistan and the Sri Lanka with a recovery.
The edition 2007 took place in Barbados in the Antilles between the March 13rd and the April 28th 2007 gained by the Australia and the next one, in 2011, Co-will be organized by the India, the Pakistan, the Sri Lanka and the Bangladesh
Before the first world cupThe first test match was disputed in 1877 between the Australia and the England and since every year these two nations dispute Ashes. the South Africa is authorized to dispute test match in 1889. The cricket receives the Olympic statute of sport for OJ of Paris in 1900 where the England beats the France to gain the gold medal. It will be about the only appearance of the cricket with the OJ.
The first high level international competition was the triangular tournament of 1912 , disputed in England between the teams of England, of Australia and of South Africa, this competition did not gain success because of a rainy weather, finally will be organized test match only since.
The number of teams taking part in the test match will not cease increasing with the arrivals of the the Indies Occidentales in 1928, of the New Zealand in 1930, of the India in 1932 and of the Pakistan in 1952. These test match are disputed on three, four or five days.
In the Years 1960, more the high level of the cricket English and Welsh only exploited of the matches in a shorter version one day. In 1962, a tournament was set up in a configuration at direct elimination: the the Knocked-out Midlands Cup , then in 1963 the Gillette Cup , these tournaments made it possible to increase the popularity of this sport in England. In 1969, the Sunday League (ancestor of the championship of England of current cricket) was created and their matches were only exploited one day.
The success and the popularity of these meetings exploited one day in England and elsewhere in the world give the idea to the International Cricket Council to install a world cup.
Installation and first world cupsThe first world cup of cricket took seat in 1975 in England, only nation able to organize such an event at this time, confirmed by the organization of the three first world cups in England and officially known under the name of Prudential Cup in reference to the sponsor Prudential plc. The matches include/understand 60 throws by teams disputed over one day with players carrying of white clothing and using a red ball of cricket.
Eight teams took share with the first world cup: Australia, England, the Indies Western, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and a team of East Africa (including/understanding representatives of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania). South Africa did not take part in it because of its banishment due to Apartheid. The tournament was gained by the the Indies Occidentales which battèrent finally the Australia by 17 run S with Lord' S.
Period 1987-2007The tournament 1987 is held in India and with the Pakistan, it is it first time that the tournament takes place out of England. Each team is entitled to 50 throws (instead of the 60 precedents) so that the meetings are shorter because of the jet lag with the Asian continent and permettrent with Europeans to follow the competition more easily. Australia finally gains for the first time the tournament against England by 7 runs.
The world cup of 1992 which is held in Australia and in New Zealand introduces many changes into the play, such as the color of clothing, the white balls or the night matches. South Africa takes part for the first time in the competition because of the end of apartheid and its boycott. Pakistan will be essential against England by 22 runs finally.
The world cup 1996 is held in India for the second time and with the Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka will be essential after having beaten India at it of half finale then Australia finally by seven wickets finally with Lahore.
For the world cup 2003, the tournament is jointly organized by the South Africa, the Zimbabwe and the Kenya. Fourteen teams (instead of twelve) take part in the event. Some events took place during the tournament like the victories of Kenya against Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe, the fixed price of New Zealand which refused to play against Kenya because of the security conditions, thus making it possible Kenya to reach the semi-finals. Finally, Australia beats India by 125 runs.
For the edition 2007, organized in the the Antilles sees a new victory of Australia (carrying its series of 29 matches of sharpened without defeats out of world cup) against Sri Lanka by 53 runs.
For the world cup 2007, one will find as follows: the Australia, the South Africa, the Netherlands, the Scotland (Hen I), the Sri Lanka, the India, the Bangladesh, the Bermuda (Hen II), the New Zealand, the England, the Kenya, the Canada (Hen III), the the Western Indies, the Pakistan, the Zimbabwe, the Ireland (Hen IV).
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