Wiesbaden is the capital and the second city, after Francfort-sur-le-Main, of the Land of the Hesse. It is one of the oldest thermal cities of Europe which has 26 sources of warm water and 1 source of cool water. Wiesbaden counts among the central cities of the Région Rhine-Hand. The population of Wiesbaden exceeded the 100 000 inhabitants in 1905.
General informationWiesbaden, more the big city of the Rheingau area, is on Right Bank of the Rhine and fact face with Mainz (the capital of Land of the Rhineland-Palatinat). Its geographical position is of 50° 05 ' northern latitude and of 08° 15 ' longitude is. The altitude of the center town (place of the castle: Schloßplatz ) is of 115 meters. The highest point is with 608 meters of altitude, it acts of Rheinhöhenweg. Least low point of the city is with 83 meters, it acts of the port (Schierstein).
The city has a surface of 204 km ²: 17,6 km of north in the south and 19,7 km of west in east. In the north of the city an wooded area (27,4% of the surface) is. In the east one will find vineyards and in the west of the surface cultivateds (31,1% of the surface). Wiesbaden is located at the limit of the area Rheingau, this is why it is sometimes indicated as Tor zum Rheingau (Door of Rheingau).
ClimateWiesbaden has a soft climate because it is protected in north by the Taunus mount. For this reason, Wiesbaden is one of the hottest cities of Germany. The average annual temperature of the east city of 9,5 degree Celsius. Annual pluviometry is of 622 liters per square meter. The average annual duration of sunning is of 1 565 hours. This city knows violent one storms in particular during the autumnal period.
Aspect of the city
The aspect of the city was subject to three major influences:
the majority of the buildings of the center town was built during one sixty years period ranging between 1850 and the First World War. Two architects were responsible for this project: Christian Zais at the beginning and Felix August Helfgott Genzmer at the end of the 19th century.
- During this Wiesbaden period attracted many invited rich person who invested their money to build houses of pageantry representative of their fortune.
- the downtown area of Wiesbaden was relatively saved during the second world war by the bombardments (30% of the city were destroyed).
All this has as a consequence which the center town has an architectural unit. The styles represented are the Classicisme, the historicism and the Jugendstil. At the end of the 19th century of the centres of population were built and decorated with luxurious alleys and frontages (such as for example Rheingauviertel, Feldherrnviertel, Dichterviertel and environment of the Boxing ring). Today Wiesbaden is regarded as the model city with regard to the historicism.
HistoryThe Romans knew already the existence of the sources of warm water. They built a camp strengthened between 6 and 15 after J. - C. the Roman colony which was built on this site was named Aquae Mattiacorum . The sources of the city were for the first time described into 77 after J. - C. in a book of Pline Old the, the Natural history .
Einhard, the biographer of Charlemagne, evokes in years 828/830 for the first time the name of Wisibada ( das Bad in den Wiesen ). Around 1170 the counts de Nassau will acquire imperial goods in and around the current city of Wiesbaden. In 1232 Wiesbaden becomes an imperial city ( Reichsstadt ). It seems that is the reason which pushes the archbishop of Mainz to order the destruction of the city.
In 1296, king Adolf von Nassau founds the cloister of Klarenthal. In the same year the city is besieged by the troops of king Ludwig of Bavaria. The cloister and its surroundings are plundered and ransacked.
During the Révolte of the Bumpkins ( Bauernkrieg ) the inhabitants of Wiesbaden raise themselves and following their defeat lose the whole of their privileges. These privileges will be réattribués to them in 1566. With the nomination of Wolf Denthener like Pasteur evangelist-Lutheran in 1543 the Reform between into force.
See also: Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof, Station of Wiesbaden
Citizen of honor
Personalities born in Wiesbaden
- 1833, December 19th, Wilhelm Dilthey, † October 1st, 1911, philosopher, psychologist and pedagog
- 1880, June 29th, Ludwig Beck, † July 20th, 1944 (assassinated) in Berlin, soldier and resistant
- 1892, September 4th Helmuth Plessner, † June 12th, 1985 in Göttingen, philosopher, anthropologist and sociologist.
- 1921, March 25th, Simone Signoret, actress of cinema
- 1936, February 26th, Karin Dor, actress of cinema
- 1939, March 31st, Volker Schlöndorff, realizer
- 1944, July 7th, Jürgen Grabowski, international footballer
- 1959, February 26th, John McEnroe, tennis player
- 1965, February 15th, Romuald Karmakar, realizer and scenario writer
- 1966, December 15th, Katja von Garnier, director
- 1985, June 27th, Nico Rosberg , runner of formula 1
- official Web site of the city
- Webcam Wiesbaden I
- 23 will càmeras of Wiesbaden
|Random links:||Cuentos de ALF | James Henry Breasted | Yaoi | Poutaraud | Andree Fosséprez | School of sciences | Ligue_de_lierre|