In the Hindouisme and the Jaïnisme, the moksha or mokṣa (Sanskrit: मोक्ष, release) refers to the final release of the individual heart or jîva of the cycle of the rebirths, the Samsâra. The moksha is to some extent the Hindu equivalent of the Buddhist nirvana .
The belief as for the way in which the moksha can be reached differs from one tradition to another. In a general way, three ways or mârga (Sanskrit: way) are identified:
karma mârga or “sees action”: this way is clarified by the Veda and the lesson of the Brahmane S. It supposes that one yields with the obligations that the life - in other words its Caste - imposes, the actions and the thoughts in this life determining his future incarnation.
- jnana mârga or “sees knowledge”: this way implies Méditation and practical ascetic to include/understand reality and to reject the illusion, the Mâyâ.
- bhakti mârga or “sees devotion”: regarded as easier than the jnana mârga, this way is more popular. It implies the identification of the excessively pious person with a particular divinity, usually Rāma or Krishna. The first large text of the bhakti is the Bhagavad-Gîtâ where Krishna affirms: “Only with love, you can come to me”.
Grammar of the Sanskrit pronunciation and orthography of the Sanskrit
|Random links:||Hemoglobin | Lingons | Nico Braun | Achaire de Noyon | Free state of Fiume | Westminster|