Weimar is a town of Germany. It accounts for 50.58.6 north and 11.18.6 is, in the Land of Thuringe (in German Thüringen ). Its population is of approximately 62 000 inhabitants. The first historical references of the city go back to year 899.
Weimar in particular accommodated Bach, Goethe, Schiller, Herder, which died there in 1837, and Franz Liszt which lived there of 1848 to 1858. Weimar became a destination of pilgrimage for German intelligentsia since Goethe settled there at the end of the 18th century. The city shelters the tombs of Goethe, Schiller and Nietzsche as well as the files of Goethe and Schiller.
In the German history, after having been the capital of the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach, the period going of 1919 with 1933 is called the Weimar Republic, owing to the fact that the constitution of this republic was conceived in Weimar and not with Berlin where many riots prevailed since the revolution of 1918 and made it too dangerous to the eyes of the German constituent National Assembly.
Weimar was also the center of the movement Bauhaus. The city shelters many art galleries, museums, the German National theater and the Bauhaus university. During the Second world war, there was a concentration camp in Weimar, with Buchenwald, glazing bar where Goethe liked to walk. UNESCO registered Weimar with the world heritage in 1998 and elected capital it cultural Europe (“Kulturstadt Europas”) in 1999. The library of the duchess Anna Amalia, world cultural treasure of UNESCO, that Goethe managed as from 1797, and who contains 900 000 pounds burned partly the September 2nd 2004, fire destroying some 30 000 pounds and several tables of great value, but was rebuilt with identical since.
The tree fetish of the city and Goethe is the Ginkgo biloba. Besides the city has a museum dedicated to this tree.
Personalities born in the locality
- Wolfgang Hohlbein, author of science fiction
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