See also: Wallonia (homonymy)
The Walloon region , commonly called Wallonia , is one of the three Régions constituting the Belgian Federal state. The term “Area” must-being included/understood differently from that of the Régions of France which are administrative divisions without this legislative power whose the Areas are equipped with Belgium. Like the other entities constitutive of federal Belgium, the Walloon region is equipped with a Parliament and a government. Its competences, fixed by the Belgian Constitution and the special federal laws, are exerted according to the double principle of the équipollence of the standards and the Exclusive competences, as well on the internal plan as on the international plan.
This " Région" account for one the third of the population and 55% of the territory of Belgium.
It has Namur for capital. But of other cities also have a statute of capitals (seats of Walloon institutions):
- Charleroi is the social capital
- Liege is the economic capital
- Mons is the cultural capital
- Verviers is the capital of water
The Walloon region contains the German-speaking Communauté of Belgium (70.000 nationals) whose German is the official language, the remainder of the Area being unilingual French-speaking person. She is " bilingue" in this direction, like the east with the clean direction the other area with French-speaking majority, the Area of Brussels-Capital where Dutch and French have a statute (juridically at least), equal. Traditionally, of the ministers originating in the two areas find themselves in the government of the French Communauté of Belgium, which justifies the designation of the latter under the name of Communauté Wallonia-Brussels . Wallonia accounts for about 80% of this unit.
The territory of the Walloon region, as defined by the Belgian Constitution, includes/understands the five following provinces:
This territory of: 16844 km ² are also divided into 20 districts, themselves divided into common. One counts 262 communes in Walloon region, of which 65 carry the title of Ville.
262 Walloon communes
List of the communes of the Walloon region
- List of the communes before fusion of the Walloon region
The emblem of the Walloon region is the same one as that adopted by the Walloon Mouvement : bold cock (with the combat) of mouths (red) on bottom of gold (yellow), and that since 1913 when he was regarded by a Walloon Congress gathering the majority of the Walloon members of Parliament as the national emblem of Wallonia.
The Area moreover allotted a logo : a " W" red on white zone whose last feature is prolonged of an arrow, overcoming the mention " WALLONNE" AREA; between two lines.
See also: Political of Wallonia
Since the April 23rd 1993, Belgium became a Federal state which is composed of three territorial entities (called areas in the Belgian constitution and which has the attributes of a federate entity) : the Walloon region, the Flemish Area and the Area of Brussels-Capital. In addition, Belgium is also made up of three communities (French, Flemish and German-speaking).
The Walloon region has its Parlement, composed of 75 Député S elected directly by the vote for all. The Walloon Parlement is established with Namur. Its role is to discuss topics for which the Area is qualified and to control the Walloon Gouvernement. The 75 Walloon deputies also form, with 19 French-speaking deputies of the Région of Brussels-Capital, the Parliament of the French Communauté. The French Community is the federate entity which has authority on the French-speaking left the Walloon region as regards teaching, culture, sport and control of the public mediums. The German-speaking Community exerts the same authority on the German-speaking part of the Walloon region (2% of the population).
Proposal for a Walloon constitution
A proposal for a special decree instituting a Walloon constitution was deposited on May 4th, 2006 with the Walloon Parlement. Its Ier article affirms that Wallonia is a community of men and women equipped with a history, an identity and a collective conscience . The project was filed in by eight Walloon deputies of the parliamentary group PS (34 seats out of 75) and is discussed in Commission. On the Ier article, which can represent the vision of the Walloon Mouvement, certain reserves can be expressed (in particular on behalf of the German-speaking Belgian, which account for approximately 2% of the Walloon population). The two Walloon famous daily newspapers are favorable there, the press of Brussels is more reticent just as other Walloon deputies.
The two large Walloon metropolises have each one an airport.
The Aéroport of Charleroi Brussels-South became with the wire of time an important momentary airport, directed towards the companies with low tariffs such as Ryanair or Wizzair. A new momentary terminal is in construction and the number of passengers does not cease increasing, to arrive at a forecast of 2,5 million people for 2006.
The Aéroport of Liege, as for him, is directed towards goods transport, although the tourist destinations passengers are also ensured by flights charters. In this case also, the development is ensured with many investments. Liege is currently classified 9th airport European cargo liner and ambitionne to arrive until the 5th place in the ten next years.
Charleroi is the only Walloon city to have a subway.
The Walloon region has its own network of bus, tce, connecting the Walloon communes between them, even of the cities bordering like Brussels, Givet, Aachen. The rail-bound transport is ensured by SNCB, as well inside the Walloon region as worms of the close cities such as Brussels, Luxembourg or Aachen. The stations of Mons, Charleroi, Namur and Liege-Guillemins moreover are stopped at by the Thalys. ICE of the Deutsche Bahn which connects Brussels-Midday to Frankfurt makes stop in station of Liege-Guillemins.
See also: hydraulic Ways in Wallonia
The merchant navy usually uses 451,3 km of inland waterways at its disposal in Walloon region. This network of water ways is an essential crossroads of the European network between the Flemish Area, the France, the Germany and the Netherlands and offers an easy access towards the largest world harbor pole which the installations of Antwerp form, of Ghent, Zeebruges and Rotterdam.
Famous Walloons and personalities
See also: List of the Walloon personalities
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