Volcanos of Iceland
In Iceland, there is a very high number of Volcan S because of its special geological situation. The island has 130 active volcanos approximately, but only some of them have eruptions in a rather regular rate/rhythm, for example: the volcanos Hekla or Krafla.
The geologists explain that by the position of the island with horse on the dorsal médio-oceanic between Europe and America, which crosses it south-west to the North-East, and by the presence of a hot Point under the island.
The most important volcanos of Iceland are:
In the south and the west of the island: Hekla, Katla, located under the glacier Mýrdalsjökull, Eldgjá and craters of Laki, Hvannadalshnjúkur (covered by the glacier Öræfajökull, south of Vatnajökull), Eldborg and Snæfellsjökull.
- In the north of the country and the interior: the Glacier Vatnajökull with Bárdarbunga, Gjálp, Grímsvötn and Kverkfjöll, Herðubreið, Snæfell, Askja and Krafla.
Moreover, there are some very active volcanos on the islands Vestmann (Vestmannaeyjar) such as for example Surtsey or Eldfell on the island of Heimaey. There are also some other areas at high temperature like the central volcano Hengill with Hveragerði and Haukadalur with well-known the Geysir.
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