See also: Vincennes (homonymy)
Vincennes is a town of France, located in the Département of the Valley-of-Marne in the suburbs is of Paris. It draws its name, by Métonymie, of the Bois of Vincennes located at the south of the city, but which belongs to Paris. Vincennes is famous for the Château of Vincennes which was at the origin of the foundation of the city.
Its inhabitants are called the Vincennois .
HistoryThe foundation of the town of Vincennes dates from the 12th century, and is due to Louis VII which comes to drive out big game in the forest, and decides to build on the site of the current castle a home of rest. Philippe Auguste, his son and successor with the throne, increased the home and surrounds by an enclosing wall the forest which it holds for huntings. A vault is built, the vault of Pissotte by reference to the brooks which go down from Montreuil. But Vincennes will become really a town of importance under the reign of Louis IX known as Saint-Louis which likes to remain in the manor of Vincennes, gives its judgments under the famous oak of the forest, and especially will make leave its two Croisade S 1248 and 1269 of Vincennes. Philippe VI will be the first large king builder since it strengthens the manor, and decides construction of enormous the central Donjon of the castle in 1337. Charles V will finish the keep in 1373, and especially decides to build the immense strengthened enclosure made up of nine turns. In about fifteen years, Charles V carried out the most important military architecture of all Europe at the 14th century, it is the strong Château of Valois which is always intact nowadays.
In 1420, starts the English occupation, following the Traité of Troyes, with the regency of the king Henri V of England which dies there in 1422. In 1436, Paris and Vincennes are released from the English presence. Later François Ier will supplement the construction of the Ste Chapelle, finished in 1552 by the architect Philibert of the Elm. The cardinal Mazarin will conceive several projects, for Vincennes and his castle, during ten years before it dies there in 1661. After the death of Mazarin, Louis XIV hardly comes in Vincennes, the court being transferred then to Versailles.
It is at the end of the 17th century that paradoxically the town of Vincennes will develop with the departure of the king. The farmers are installed on the returned grounds. In 1667, the archbishop of Paris creates an autonomous parish, the parish of Pissotte, which will mark the real independence of the city with respect to Paris. In 1740 will then be created, the porcelain factory of Vincennes which profits from the attentive support of Madam de Pompadour, the favorite one of the king Louis XV, before being transferred definitively to Sevres in 1756. In 1790, the parish becomes the commune of Vincennes.
In 1929, the commune of Vincennes loses half of its surface with the annexation of the Bois of Vincennes at the town of Paris.
List mayors of Vincennes|- |colspan=" 5" align=" center" bgcolor=" #f3fff3" |
EconomyVincennes is an active money market, contributing to the vitality of the local economy. The tertiarisation of the activities was sensitive with the development of the offices; since the end of the year 1980, Vincennes changed. The installation of the district of the Park of the Castle in particular allowed the creation of 28.000 m offices. The creation of a new district in the East, the Field of the wood of Vincennes, offers also opportunities to develop the local economy. Vincennes is near Paris, and in particular Quartier of Bercy - Gare de Lyon, has a strategic situation halfway Orly and of Roissy which facilitates the relations of exporting SME, has an highway network and a service road by public transport which contribute, with a professional tax among weakest of the Parisian east, with the economic advancement of the city.
Vincennes proposes 15.191 employment dominated by the tertiary sector (90,3%) and dominant of small structures: 76% than 10 paid less. A strong renewal of the companies is to be announced.
Monuments and sites