Vilnius (in Lithuanian Vilnius , in Polish Wilno , Latvian Viļņa , Russian Вильнюс , Belorusse Вільня ) is the Capitale of the Lithuania. With its 541 600 inhabitants (2003), it is the most populated city country. It was founded by Gediminas.
From an architectural point of view, the downtown area of Vilnius is particularly well preserved. It is entirely classified with the world heritage of UNESCO, in particular the district of the embassies with its typical of the countries of the North of Europe, rather coloured and, often, largely carved frontages. The city is dominated by a superb easily visible brick castle because located over a hill overhanging the city. Close to this one is the Polish cemetery " Na Rossie" , where the heart of the Marshal Józef Piłsudski is buried (its being body with Cracow) who controlled Poland of the inter-war period.
Vilnius has entered for several years the era of capitalism. In this aspect testifies to " chantier" city; (certainly less thorough than it near Warsaw than some calls the HongKong of the Central Europe) with several buildings of structural glass and steel and which slice by their modernity on the antiques Trolleybus which always serve the city. The periphery of the city, on the other hand, does not shine by its architectural qualities. It preserves the print of the tower blocks of gray concrete of the Soviet era and is consequently rather badly integrated into the green landscape of the surrounding campaigns. Nevertheless, there exist always traditional houses between two bars. Low and of wood, they often keep their original aspect by fault of means of their owner.
Twinnings14 cities are twinned with Vilnius.
Cooperation agreements were signed with 16 other cities, including inter alia:
Native personalities of the city
- Michał Elwiro Andriolli, Polish artist
- Alexandre Berkman, writer and Russian activist
- the Gaon de Vilna (1720-1797), rabbi and philosopher
- Ignace Henri Malo (1819-1884)
- César Antonovitch Cui (1835-1918), Russian type-setter
- Romain Gary (1914-1980), French writer
- Dalia Grybauskaitė (1956-), diplomat and Lithuanian political woman
- Jascha Heifetz (1901-1987), American Russian violonist naturalized
- Artūras Paulauskas (1953-), Lithuanian politician
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