A vicus is the Latin name given to a small agglomeration. In Gaulle, with the Gallo-Roman time, it often originated in a Gallic village of before the conquest.
The vicus is characterized by the functions that it occupe :
- relay of station on a Roman Way or situation with an intersection,
- regrouping of craftsmen and tradesmen for a rural sector, place of market,
- place of worship by its temples ( Fanum ) and of entertainment with its Roman Thermal baths and Amphitheater.
The proportion of inhabitants with residence was not inevitably important there, a good part of the rural settlement being rather gathered in important agricultural villas strewing the countryside.
A vicus becoming very populated obtained the statute of city ( Civitas ).
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