Victor Ivanovitsch Motschulsky
Victor Ivanovitsch Motschulsky (or Victor von Motschulsky or in Russian ВикторИвановичМочульский), is a Russian Entomologiste , born the April 11th 1810 with Saint-Pétersbourg and dead the June 5th 1871 with Simferopol.
Colonel in the imperial army of Russia, it goes on very many journeys, often under very difficult conditions, which enable him to study and describe many S of Coléoptère S of Siberia, of Alaska, the United States of America, of Europe and Asia. If he forsakes former work, which returns its classification of quite bad qualities, these voyages in still unexplored areas often by the entomologists, enable him to describe of many new S and many news species which remains still largely valid today. It remains that it is the subject of severe criticisms on behalf of the specialists in its time on the lack of care which he takes to his publications. Its work is nevertheless a crucial step of the world coleopterology.
Motschulsky makes appear 45 publications, the majority concerning the Biogéographie, the Faunistique or the Taxinomie. Many of them was made possible thanks to the use of the collections brought back by others, in particular of Russian who had left for Siberia like Leopold Ivanovich von Schrenck (1826-1894), Ilja Gavrilowitsch Vosnessenskij (1816-1871), Hugo Theodor Christoph (1831-1894) and well of others. The majority relate to the coleopters but some relate to the Lépidoptère S and the Hémiptère S. Its collection is preserved partly at the university of Moscow, the natural history museum of zoology of Saint-Pétersbourg, the Muséum Humboldt and the German entomological Institute.
Voyages of Motschulsky
- 1836 - Swiss France, and the the Alps, north of the Italy and Austria; it brings back 4.000 specimens.
- 1839-1840 - the Russian Caucasus, Astrakhan, Kazan and Siberia.
- 1847 - Kyrgyzstan.
- 1850-1851 - Germany, Austria, Egypt, India, France, Great Britain, Belgium and Dalmatie.
- 1853 - the United States of America like Panama, return towards Saint-Pétersbourg via Hamburg, Kiel and Copenhagen.
- 1855 - Germany, Switzerland, Austria and Poland.
Selection of works
- Insectes of Siberia brought back of a voyage makes in 1839 and 1840. Memories of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St - Pétersbourg , 13:1 - 274. (1845)
- Die Kaefer Russlands. I. Insecta Carabica . Moscow: Gautier, vii + 91 pp. + 9 tables. (1850).
- new Coleopters of California. Bulletin of the Imperial Company of the Naturalists of Moscow , 32: 122-185 (1859).
- entomological Studies . 10 volumes (1852-61).
- Catalog of the insects brought back of the surroundings of the river Love, since Schilka until Nikolaevsk. Bulletin of the Company Naturalist of Moscow 32: 487-507 (1859)
- Coleopters brought back of Songarie by Mr. Semenov and described by V. of Motchoulski. Bulletin of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of Saint-Pétersbourg 1 (5): 301-304 (1859).
- Insects of the Eastern Indies, and similar regions. entomological Studies 8 (1859): 25-118 (1860).
- Coleopters brought back in 1859 per Mr. Sévertsef of the southernmost steppes of the Kirgiz and enumerated. Bulletin of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of Saint-Pétersbourg 2: 513-544, 2 boards (1860).
- Coleopters brought back in 1859 per Mr. Severtsef of the southernmost Steppes of the Kirgiz. biological Mixtures , 3 (1857-1861): 408-452 (1860).
- Coleopters brought back of Songarie by Mr. Semenov and described by V. of Motchoulski. Biological Mixtures 3: 290-309 (1860)
- Motschulsky, V.I. Coleopters of Eastern Siberia and in particular of banks of the Love . In Reisen und Forschungen im Amurlande of Schrenk, 2: 77-257, 6 boards color, Saint-Pétersbourg (1861).
- A tentative a Catalog of the Insects of the Ceylon island. Bulletin of the Imperial Company of the Naturalists of Moscow 34 (1): 95-155 (1861).
- Catalog of the received insects of Japan. Bulletin of the Imperial Company of the Naturalists of Moscow 39 (1): 163-200 (1866).
- Edward Oliver Essig (1931). has History Entomology off. Mac Milan (New York): vii + 1029 p.
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