Veronica Lake (November 14th 1919 or more probably 1922 - July 7th 1973) is a American Actrice which primarily played in the Années 1940. Its style, in particular its very characteristic hairstyle, made of it an icon and a very popular Pin-up.
Starting from the end of the year 1940, its career declined very quickly under the combined influence of its very independent personality (or its whims), of the alcoholism and signs of mental imbalance.
BiographyVeronica Lake, from its true name Constance Frances Marie Ockelman was born with New York, Brooklyn. His/her father, Harry E. Ockelman, dies when it was 12 years old. His/her mother, Veronica, remaria one year later.
She plays for the first time at the cinema in 1939 with a figuration in the film Sorority House . Several small roles follow.
During the turning of Sorority House , the realizer John Farrow notices his strange cut, a long wick of fair hair covering the right eye to him, which gives him a mysterious air. He presents it to the producer Arthur Hornblow Jr., of Paramount, which gives him its name of scene: Veronica, a first name with the evocative classicism, and Lake (English lake) for the blue of its eyes. It signs in 1941 with the Paramount.
Veronica Lake reached the celebrity with the film the Flotilla of the young people (1941). Beautiful and intelligent, it connected a series of success then and incarnates for a few years the prototype of the femme fatale. One generally finds it with the screen in black films such as the Key of Glass , Hired killer or the Blue Dahlia , where it divides the poster with Alan Ladd.
As from 1942, its hairstyle becomes extremely popular among American women, and it is told that the government asked him to change its cut (what it did) to incite the women working in the factories of weapons to adopt a more practical and surer hairstyle.
It is as from this period that it acquires the reputation to be difficult and capricious. It starts to drink too.
In 1948, Paramount does not renew its contract. It does not turn any more whereas very episodically, enters great financial problems and is stopped several times for intoxication and din.
In 1961, one to defer recognizes it in a bar of New York where she works as waitress. It publishes its history, which was worth a renewal of popularity and some appearances to him on television. It publishes an autobiography, Veronica , in 1969, and turns in two minor films. Its physical and mental health continues to decline. She dies in 53 years of hepatitis. His/her son organized his funerals, no other relative did not attend the ceremony.
- In the film L.A. Confidential , adapted novel of James Ellroy, Kim Basinger plays the part of a double of Veronica Lake with his characteristic hairstyle. The novel belongs to a series of four whose first volume, the black Dahlia , is an indirect reference to the film the Blue Dahlia in which Veronica Lake holds one of the main roles.
the pinup Jessica Rabbit, in the cartoon Which wants the skin of Roger Rabbit? , was conceived on the model of Veronica Lake.
Catalog of films
- Sorority House (1939): appearing
- The Wrong Room (1939): appearing
- Dance hall Co-ED (1939): appearing
- All Women Cuts Secret (1939): appearing
- Young ace You Feel (1940)
- Forty Little Mothers (1940)
- the Flotilla of the young people ( I Wanted Wings ) (1941): Sally Vaughn
- By the gold door ( Hold Back the Dawn ) (1941): An actress
- Voyages of Sullivan ( Sullivan' S Travels ) (1941): Mary Wilson
- The Eyes Cuts It (1942)
- Hired killer ( This Gun for Hire ) (1942): Ellen Graham
- the Key of glass ( The Knell Key ) (1942): Janet Henry
- My Wife is a witch ( I Married has Witch ) (1942): Jennifer
- With the Country of the rate/rhythm ( Star Spangled Rhythm ) (1942): itself
- Angels of mercy ( So Proudly We Hail! ) (1943): Olivia d' Arcy
- The Hour Before the Dawn (1944): Bruckmann
- Bring one gilded the Girls (1945): Teddy Hakes
- Out off This World (1945): Dorothy Dodge
- Duffy' S Tavern (1945)
- Marry cherished me ( Hold That Blonde ) (1945): Sally Martin
- the Beautiful Hope ( Miss Susie Slagle' S ) (1946): Nan Rogers
- the blue Dahlia ( The Blue Dahlia ) (1946): Joyce Harwodd
- Woman of fire ( Ramrod ) (1947): Connie Dickason
- Hollywood in madness ( Variety Girl ) (1947): itself
- Traffic in Saigon ( Saigon ) (1948): Susan Cleaver
- The Sainted Sisters (1948)
- Isn' T It Romantic? (1948)
- the Fury of the tropics ( Slattery' S Hurricane ) (1949): Dolores Greaves
- Stronghold (1951)
- Footsteps in the Snow (1966)
- Flesh Feast (1970): Dr. Elaine Frederick
- With the good ticket
- Veronica Lake Fan Site (in English)
- Files of information of the American army, 1942, where Veronica Lake encourages the women to adopt a hairstyle practices (downloadable, in English)
|Random links:||Distributive justice | Sabran (Gard) | Cúcuta Deportivo | The Trunk of Singapore | List episodes of MacGyver | Châtillon-sur-Seine|