See also: Verb (homonymy)
The verb is one of the parts of speech most important. It is the pivot of the sentence. It has characteristics which are clean for him. It is variable according to the number, of time, the aspect, the mode, the voice. A verb is a Mot which can express:
- the action achieved by the prone ;
- the action undergone by the subject;
- the existence of the subject;
- the state of the subject;
- the relation between the subject and the attribute.
Even if in the Indo-European Languages, the verb is the principal core of a Phrase, it can exist sentences without verb (e.g. “Died with the idiots. ”, “Flute! ”, “Finished holidays”). A verb with its complements of sentence and its Attribut S forms a verbal Group.
The whole of the forms which a verb can take calls conjugation.
the radical gives the direction of the verb, it is the part common to the words of the same family. It is invariable, except in the case of the irregular verbs.
- the termination is the flexible part of the verb: it varies according to the subject and from the time of the conjugation.
- to sleep --> the radical is DOR: I Sleep/it Slept. this verb has only one radical: DOR-
Exceptions: Certain verbs have several radicals:
- to go --> I go/we go/you will go/that I
- will be --> I am/you are/I were/I were/I will be/that I would be
- to have --> I have/we have/I will have/that I had/have
- to make, to want, be able, etc
Groups of verbs in FrenchThere exists a traditional classification of the French verbs which set out again the whole of the verbs in three groups. But this classification is very heterogeneous and knows several exceptions.
Group 1The verbs of the first group gather all the verbs having a termination with “er” infinitive and having only one radical. Example: Chant' er' . It is the group most. It is also most productive because all the new verbs are forged on its model (ex: débrief' er' , réinitialis' er' , etc)
Attention: the verb to go is a verb of the 3rd group.
Group 2The second group gathers all the verbs having a termination in “ir” with infinitive, and having their participle present finishing by “issuant”. Example: Fin' ir' (infinitive), with the participle present: fin' issant' ; Ha' ïr' (infinitive), with the participle present: ha' ïssant' . This group counts approximately 300 verbs.
Group 3The third group is very disparate. It gathers all the verbs which do not belong to the first and second group. They are in particular all the verbs with a termination in “ir”, “Re” and “to oir”. Example: Boi' re' , di' re' , ven' ir' .
- Verb in Japanese
- Verb in Dutch
Be-X-old: Дзеяслоў Simple: Verb
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