GeographyValognes is located in the middle of the Péninsule of Cotentin (Coordinated: ).
Valognes is on an important road junction.
HistoryThe city is built close to the old Gallo-Roman colony of Alauna or Alaunia from which the name “Valognes derives”. From this period remain the ruins of the Gallo-Roman thermal baths of Alleaume. The city destroyed by the invasions Normans, its inhabitants move on banks of the Merderet.
The city develops, becoming a ducal residence, then by sheltering as from the 15th century an important religious congregation. Strengthened with the the Middle Ages, the city was plundered by Edouard III of England. The castle was dismantled under the reign of Louis XIV.
The prosperous city during and becomes the principal city of Cotentin. It is then “fertile in beautiful spirits”. The aristocrats build beautiful hotels there. Alain-Rene Lesage in his part Turcaret (1807) speaks about it like Norman Versailles . Mrs. de Turcaret declares: “Do you Know although it takes three months of Valognes to complete a court gentleman? ”. The growth of Cherbourg will make him lose its territorial influence little by little.
During the Second world war, women Tziganes were sterilized there of force.
Valognes suffered much during the Bataille from Normandy, particularly during the bombardment of the June 21st 1944. The Notre-Dame church of the 14th century, which sheltered the only dome (1612) of Gothic architecture of France, was partially destroyed during the battle. In the same way, on the fifty private mansions which made the fame of the city, only a score survived, after restoration.
- Léopold Delisle, historical Notes: Right of pasture and pasture recognized in $the Hague of Valognes to the profit of the inhabitants of Valognes and Alleaume (March 1415) , the Pottery in Valognes (June 1465) , the League with Valognes (1589) , Passage of Louis XVI in Valognes (June 1786) , Complaints of the parishes of the bailliage with Valognes (1789) , Battalion of the Sewer, in garrison with Valognes (April 8th, 1798) , Valognes, Impr. Newspaper of Valognes , 1913,44 p.
- Léopold Delisle, Two Head offices of Valognes in 1562 and 1574 . Saint-Lo: impr. of F. Tual, 1890. 11 p. Extrait from the Annuaire of the English Channel , 62e year, 1890
- Abbé J.L. Adam, Some notes on Valognes . Cherbourg, impr. Emile Maout, 1905, In-8, paginated 525-659, fig., charts.
- Abbot J.L. Adam, Study on the town of Valognes, considered from the point of view geographical and historical, archaeological and monumental, economic and scientific . Valognes; Evreux, impr. G. Chick, 1912, VIII-503 p., fig., portraits and plan. in 1988 of the original edition with seven appendices (biography of the Abbot Adam, errata, hotels quoted, name of the streets at various times, update, alphabetical and bibliographical index) by the section of Valognes of the Company of archeology of laManche.
- Abbot J.L. Adam, Vault of Notre-Dame of the Victoire, located in the parish of NR. - D. of Alleaume (Valognes) , Valognes: impr. E. Marti.
- Abbot J.L. Adam, the College of Valognes , Evreux, imp. of the Eure, 1899,33 p., Extract of the catholic Re-examined of Normandy
- Emile Sevestre, Valognes: Prehistory with the Middle Ages, by Charles-Louis Birette. The Middle Ages, by Frederic de Fontaine of Resbecq. Modern times, by EM. Sevestre, the contemporary Time, by Ronchail . Caen: Impr. A. Mouville, Ozanne and Co, Valognes, libr. - paper mill-editor Henri Brochard, 1926. (March 27th, 1928), 288 p.
- Mr. Renault, Valognes: Historical and archaeological notes on the communes of the old district , Paris: LMBO universis, 1992. (Ca 200 p.). Collection: “Monographs of the cities and villages of France”
- Valognes for the revolutionary period, 1789-1802: Scenes and accounts according to the new documents of the time , Valognes: L. Luce, 1888.
- Valognes in the intimate writings of Jules Barbey d' Aurevilly , Saint-Lo, " Books of the departmental ODAC of cultural activity of Manche" , 1990,19 p.
- Gaudillot (Jeanne-Marie), Textile S in Valognes of Colbert to the Revolution " Review of the Department of Manche" , 9 (34), 1967, pp. 118-135.
- Valognes under the direction of Élie Guéné with the collaboration of Pierre Leberruyer. Valognes: Handle-tourism, 1975. 119 p. in 4°. illustrations
- Martin Gilbert, Atlas of Shoah . Editions of the Paddle/Samuelson, 1992. chart 182, p.141
- Vikland n° 15: Valognes , Heimdal, 1998.
- Maurice Lecoeur " the diligence of Valognes" Edit.La Dispatches 1989
Places and monuments
- Thermal baths of Alleaume: Ruins of the Gallo-Roman thermal baths, whose stones were plundered by the inhabitants.
- Hotel of Beaumont: Traditional hotel of 18th, built by the family Jallot, lords of Beaumont.
- Hotel of Grandval-Caligny: XVII and XVIIe century old hotel when placed Jules Barbey d' Aurevilly.
Personalities related to the commune
- Good-Joseph Dacier, (Valognes, 1742 - Paris, 1833) philologist and hellenist.
- Felix Vicq d' Azyr, (Valognes, 1748 - Paris, 1794), doctor.
- Pierre Letourneur, (Valognes, 1737 - 1788), translator, inter alia, of Shakespeare.
- Alexis de Tocqueville, (Verneuil-sur-Seine, 1805 - Cannes, 1859), political thinker, historian, deputy of the English Channel (Valognes) of 1839 to 1851.
- Prudence Boissière, pen name Sièrebois, (Valognes, 1806 - Paris, 1885), lexicographer, author of the analogical Dictionary of the French language .
- Theophilus-Jules Pelouze, (Valognes, 1807 - Paris, 1867), chemist, member of the Academy of Science (1837)
- Jules Barbey d' Aurevilly, (Saint-Saver-the-Viscount, 1808 - Paris, 1889), writer. It resided in the city, with the hotel of Grandval-Caligny, and a certain number of its accounts located at it.
- Emile-Louis Burnouf, (Valognes, 1821 - Paris, 1895) indologist and hellenist French, cousin of Eugene Burnouf.
- Léopold Delisle, (Valognes, 1826 - Chantilly, 1910), chartist, general administrator of the National library of France (1874-1905).
- Charles Canivet, (Valognes 1839 - 1911), chronicler, poet under the name of Jean de Nivelle.
- Felix Buhot, (Valognes, 1847 - Paris, 1898), painter, aquafortist and illustrator, inter alia, of works of Barbey d' Aurevilly.
- Xavier de Florian, (1850 - 1931), diplomat.
- Gustave Henri Joseph Lerouge known as Gustave the Red, (Valognes, 1867 - Paris, 1938), writer and journalist.
- Felix Lebuhotel, (1932-), racing cyclist.
- Flavie Flament, TV host.
- Zone of activities of Armanville.
CultureValognes was classified Villes and Pays of Art and History by the Ministry for the Culture.
The most beautiful private mansion remaining of “Norman Versailles” is the Hôtel of Beaumont.
The city lays out of two museums devoted one to the Cidre and the other to the apple-brandy:
- Museum of Brandy and the Old Trades. Street Pelouze.Tel. 02 33 40 26 25
- regional Museum of the cider. Street of Small Versailles. Tel. 02 33 40 22 73
Public library Julien de Laillier: with a section on the English Channel and Normandy, 24.000 volumes for the funds old, 220 manuscripts, 205 Incunable S. It grew rich, with the Revolution, with the confiscation of the libraries of the convents and the seminar of Valognes.
- , to see
- , to see
Valognes on Wikitravel
- Valognes town of art and history (official site)
- Valognes on Google Maps
- Valognes Quid/common
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