University of Michigan
The Université of Michigan (in English, University off Michigan ) is a American Université located at Ann Arbor in the Michigan. It is also made up of two regional campuses which is located at Dearborn and with Flint.
This American university was founded in 1817 with Détroit, which makes of it the oldest university in the west of the the Appalachian Mountains. In 1837, it is moved in Ann Arbor. A ground of 16 Hectare S had been reserved in the hope to accommodate there new a capitole state, but when Lansing was finally selected like capital of the State of Michigan, the municipality of Ass Arbor offered it to this university. The 16 original ha became part of the current central campus.
The first classes with Ann Arbor started in 1841, with seven students and two professors. Since 1866, the number of registered voters reached: 1205 students, much being veterans of the American Civil War. The women were allowed for the first time in 1870, making of Michigan the third university be opened to the women in the United States, and the first major university to make this choice.
The university of Michigan clearly continued to increase and to diversify during the 20th century, adding to its fields of studies the Odontologie, the Architecture, the Technologie, the Gouvernement, and the Médecine. The number of registered students reached: 30000 in the years 1960. To adapt to the increasing demand of student in the decades following the Second world war, of new campuses were opened in Dearborn and Flint.
October 14th, 1960, the American candidate presidential John F. Kennedy proposed the concept of what became the Corps of Peace on the stages of the union of Michigan. The president Lyndon B. Johnson described her program of Great Society at the University of Michigan.
This school remains one of most prestigious in the United States. But it also became one of the public universities most difficult to manage, because of the decline in the financial aid of the state of Michigan.
In 1997, the school was implied in a polemic when it was continued by two white students who had not been allowed. The students complained that the policy of positive discrimination of the school, which granted a preferential treatment to the minorities (black , Latino S, and Amerindian S) was unconstitutional. In 2003, the case was presented to the Supreme court of the United States.
The latter concluded that the principle of positive discrimination did not violate the Constitution, but that the specific process employed by the university was unconstitutional. Consequently, the university due to modify, but not to eliminate, its programs " affirmative action". The polemic is not finished for as much. In 2006, the voters in the state of Michigan rejected the use of positive discrimination in a referendum, with a vast majority of 58%. The university since was forced to put an end to this program.
In the field Sport yew, the Michigan Wolverines defend the colors of the University of Michigan in the Big Ten Conference of NCAA (the association of the American university sport). The team of American football is particularly popular there. She plays in the Michigan Stadium, a stage of 107.501 places - the greatest football stadium in the United States.
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