Universit3e libre de Bruxelles
The Free Université of Brussels (ULB) is a French-speaking university Belgian.
OriginThe ULB was founded in 1834, during this time which followed the independence of Belgium and which knew the disorganization of higher education.
The three universities of State founded at the time Dutchwoman - Ghent, Liege, Leuwen - are cut down by several faculties. Auguste Baron and Adolphe Quetelet had imagined as of 1831 in their maconnic Loge the Friends philanthropists the idea of a “free” university. Creation, in 1834, of the catholic University of Malignant, under the impulse of the bishops of Belgium, was the detonator which pushed the liberal world to react quickly. The lawyer Pierre-Theodore Verhaegen, Worthy Master of the cabin the Friends philanthropists , launched in June 1834 a call to a subscription in the liberal mediums and the cabins of the Grand the East of Belgium for a “free” university which would fight “intolerance and the prejudices” by spreading the philosophy of the Lumières. One however pointed out to Verhaegen the Utopia of his project, him which laid out neither professors, neither buildings, nor of money. It was without counting on the assistance of the burgomaster of Brussels, Nicolas-Jean Rouppe, which found buildings in the old palate of Charles-Alexandre of Lorraine, place of the Museum. Verhaegen attached to its project the Medical school and found teachers among the men of experiment of the Museum of Sciences and the Letters. The Faculty of Law was entrusted to voluntary professors, like Henri de Brouckère. In the tread, the City allocated a subsidy and the November 20th 1834, Auguste Baron could, in his inaugural speech, to define the spirit of the free university:
“Us swearwords to inspire with our pupils, whatever the object of our teaching, practical love of the men who are brothers, without reference of caste, opinion, nation; us swearwords to learn how to them to devote their thoughts, their work, their talents with the happiness and the improvement of their fellow-citizens and of humanity…”
The 19th century
The first academic year could start with its thirty-eight student professors and nonante-six. At the origin, it bears the Free name of Université of Belgium and is composed of four faculties: philosophy and letters, right, sciences and medicine. As from 1836, it changed name and became the Universit3e libre de Bruxelles.
Until 1847, the university lived subscriptions launched by the Great East and various maconnic cabins of the country, of which that of the Amis philanthropists . In addition to the financial problems, the Church and the State made weigh threats on the young ULB. The law on the higher education of 1835 removed the university of State of Leuwen, which allowed the catholic university the Malignant ones to settle in the city brabançonne where it took the catholic name of Université of Leuwen . There thus remained two universities of the State - Ghent and Liege - which transfer in the ULB a competitor who could not assert the monopoly of the freethinking. As for the bishops, they had sorrow to admit the existence of a university which was proclaimed autonomous and which escaped their control thus. The catholic press militated against the teaching exempted in Brussels. Verhaegen answered all the attacks by a resounding academic speech where he proclaimed: “Left the freedom of teaching, we carry out freedom in teaching. ”
Overcoming these quarrels, the free university became a recognized institution. The student's population was in progression and one could in 1842 move in a new building, the Palais Granvelle located street of the Grounds and street of the Empress.
In 1861 the statutes were revised and article 1 will postulate since
“the Libre examination is the principle founder on which the University bases its teaching and its research. He preaches, as regards knowing, a total independence of judgment and the rejection of the argument of authority. ”
In 1880, it was the first in Belgium to make it possible to the women to reach the courses and this within its Institute of pharmacy. Before that some had gone to study in foreign universities, mainly in medical college. There was however in Belgium no legal restriction with regard to the access of the women to the high studies. But traditionally, only the men entered to the university, and especially, any school secondary did not prepare the young girls with such studies.
The July 7th 1886, a fire destroyed the left wing of the building street of the Grounds. The academic room, the library and part of the mineralogical collections disappeared in the flames. The rebuilding took six years.
In 1893, the ULB profited from a patronage of great scale which completed the development of the Medical college: Ernest Solvay equipped it with an Institute of physiology established with the park Léopold in Etterbeek (these buildings are currently occupied by the Lycée Emile Jacqmain, a very famous secondary school, rather near to the ULB); Raoul Warocqué, of an Institute of anatomy; Alfred Solvay and some others, of an Institute of hygiene and bacteriology.
In 1899 was creates the School of political sciences and social.
Businesses Dwelshauwers and Reclus
So in the beginning resulting from medium certainly a catholic, or at least spiritualistic anticlerical but nevertheless or deist, the university will see during the last decades of the 19th century the development of an atheistic and anti-dogmatic current as well as the rise of the scientific step expensive positivist with Auguste Count, which affirms the absolute primacy of the experimentation and the reason. This evolution was not done without clashes. Thus, in 1890, the thesis of philosophy of Georges Dwelshauwers caused sharp debates by its atheistic positions whereas the majority of the professors of the faculty of philosophy and letters were always deists.
These conflicts between doctrinary and progressists, then between liberals and Socialists will be also translated with the ULB by the Reclus business. Elisee Recluse, anarchistic French geographer, had been invited to give course to the ULB in 1892. In 1893 following an anarchistic attack the board of directors was opposed to its arrival thus repudiating the vice-chancellor Hector Denis, first Socialist elected at this station. That caused a scission and the creation of a new University which will perdura until the First World War.
Beginning of the 20th century
The Institute of sociology was founded in 1902. The year 1904 saw the creation of the Business school Solvay. The shortly after the First World War, which involved the first interruption of the courses of the university, whereas Jules Bordet, professor with the ULB is seen allotted the Nobel Prize of medicine (1919), one plans to move following the growth of the needs in space and with the demolition for the Granvelle palate because of work for the Jonction North-Midday. The choice is made on the plate of the Solbosch located at the limit of the suburbs of the time. Work begins in 1921 by the building U inaugurated in 1924. The construction of the building has (which is thus not the oldest building contrary to an generally accepted idea) (1924 - 1928) is financially constant by the (heir to Commission for Relief in Belgium (CRB)), an American organization (chaired by Herbert Hoover) intended to restore the university education in Belgium ravaged by the war. It also takes part with the Tournay-Solvay family in the financing of Héger the open city in 1933. In 1939, is inaugurated the Institute of Bordet cancerology, boulevard of Waterloo.
Netherlander and birth of Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Courses were given in Dutch to the ULB since 1935 in Faculty of Law, and 1963 in almost all faculties. The ULB was divided in October 1969 according to the language, giving rise to the Vrije Universiteit Brussel Dutch-speaking. This scission was confirmed by a law into 1970 which devoted the total separation of the two entities.
The university is mainly established on three campuses: the campus of Solbosch and the campus of the Plain with Ixelles, and the campus Érasme with Anderlecht. The main thing is that of Solbosch, which accommodates the central administration and the majority of faculties. The campus of the Plain accommodates the Faculty of Science, the Institute of pharmacy and the instut of architecture Victor Horta. The Medical college and the Érasme University hospital as for them are installed on the campus of Anderlecht.
The ULB is completely independent of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) although the name of this one is the exact equivalent one in Dutch of the name of that one, and that they occupy as neighbors the old plain of the Operations (campus of the Plain).
Faculties, institutes and schools
Faculty of Philosophy and Letters
- Department of Arts and archeology
- Department of History
- Department of Languages and literatures
- Department of Philosophy and sciences of the religions
- Department of Information sciences and the communication
- Faculty of Law
- Department of Right
- School of sciences criminological
- Faculty of Social sciences, policies and economic
- Department of Social sciences
- Department of Political sciences
- Department of Economic scenes
- Institute of Sciences of work
- Solvay Business School
- the economic Institute of European Studies
- legal Section
- political Section
- Section History and Cultures
- psychological Faculty of Science and the Education
- Faculty of Science
- Department of Data processing
- Department of Biology
- Department of Biology of the organizations
- Department of Molecular biology
- Department of Chemistry
- Department of Geography
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Physics
- Department of Sciences of the Earth and the Environment
- School interfacultaire bioingénieurs
- Institute of Management of the Environment and Town and country planning
- Medical college
- School of Public health
- Institute of higher learning ofPhysical education and of Kinésisthérapie
- Institute of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Science applied
- School interfacultaire bioingénieurs
Also depend on the ULB:
School of male nurse (E) S and obstreticians
- Institute of higher learning of Architecture Victor Horta
Museums of the ULB
The ULB has eleven museums to which university collections not very accessible to the public are added (geographical map library, old geology and mineralogy, electric instruments, plaster mouldings, numismatics,…).
Center of Scientific culture
- Research center and Technological studies of the Visual arts
- Ecomusée of Viroin
- Botanical garden Jean Massart
- Museum of contemporary art - Room Allende
- Museum-library Michel de Ghelderode
- Museum of human Anatomy and Embryology
- Museum of Medicine
- Museum of the medicinal Plants and Pharmacy
- Museum of Zoology
Site of the museums of the ULB
Price and rewards
The ULB saw four of its graduates or professors rewarded by the Nobel Prize and not three like often quoted (in particular on the own site of the ULB), Henri the Fountain being often forgotten (perhaps because he was not professor contrary to the three others).
- Jules Bordet (1870 - 1961): Nobel Prize of medicine in 1919.
- Albert Claude (1899 - 1983): Nobel Prize of medicine in 1974.
- Ilya Prigogine (1917 - 2003): Nobel Prize of chemistry in 1977.
During these ten last years several professors of the ULB saw themselves decreeing the Prix Francqui.
- Paul Magnette
- Marc Henneaux
- Marc Parmentier
- Mathias Dewatripont
- Etienne Country
- Gilbert Vassart
- Jacques Urbain
- Marc Wilmet
- François Englert
- Pierre Gaspard
A Médaille Fields was received by
Doctor Honoris Causa
The ULB also honors with the personalities of reputation for their various activities by naming them doctors honoris causa. Only the doctors named by the University are mentioned below and not those named by faculties. In addition, the list does not go up further that 1973, first year of handing-over of the title after the linguistic scission.
1973 : Salvador Allende
- 1979: Maurice Béjart, Paul Delvaux
- 1984: Simone Veil, Willy Brandt, Nelson Mandela, Andrei Sakharov, Altiero Spinelli
- 1987: Abdou Diouf, Shimon Peres, Sandro Pertini, Mario Soares
- 1989: Doïna Cornéa, Fang Lizhi
- 1990: Alexander Dubček
- 1991 : Bronislaw Geremek, Arpad Gönc, Vaclav Havel
- 1992: Fédérico Mayor, Hubert Reeves
- 1993: Edgar Morin
- 1994 : Simon Wiesenthal, S.M. Albert II, Pierre Alechinsky
- 1995: Theodore Angelopoulos, Andre Delvaux, Henri Storck, Andrzej Wajda
- 1996: Immanuel Wallerstein, Baron Arthur Haulot, Marek Edelman
- 1997: Marc Van Montagu, Andre Capron
- 1998: Claude Allègre
- 1999: Jean-Didier Vincent
- 2000: Louise Arbor, Nora Irma Morals De Cortinas, Simone Susskind, Wassyla Tamzali, Joaquim Chissano
- 2001: Toots Thielemans (title decreed in common with VUB)
- 2002: Hywel Ceri Jones, Domenico Lenarduzzi, Alan Smith, Angelica Verli
- 2004: Philippe Busquin
- 2005: Fadela Amara, Baltasar Garzón Real, Pierre Goldschmidt, Alpha Oumar Konaré, Robert Maistriau, Radhia Nasraoui
Former students and/or famous professors
- Paul Heger (1846 - 1925): biologist
- Fernand Khnopff (1858 - 1921): painter and engraver Symbolist
- Auguste Lameere (1862 - 1942): entomologist
- Paul-Emile Janson (1872 - 1944): liberal politician
- Robert Danis (1880 - 1962): personality in the field of orthopedy, and professor
- Charles Plisnier (1896 - 1952): writer
- Andre Ombredane (1898 - 1958): professor of psychology
- Paul-Henri Spaak (1899 - 1972): socialist politician
- Denis Marion (1906 - 2000): writer and professor
- Enver Hoxha (1908 - 1985): dictator of the Albania
- Jules Geheniau (1909): Mathematician and Physicist
- Amir Abbas Hoveida (1919 - 1979): Prime Minister of Iran
- Jean Stengers (1922 - 2002): historian
- Justin Bomboko (1928): first Congolese graduate with the ULB, politician of the Congo-Kinshasa
- Jacques Tits (1930): Mathematician
- Guy Spitaels (1931: socialist politician
- Raoul Vaneigem (1934): writer, revolutionist, medievist and philosopher
- Hermann De Croo (1937): liberal politician
- Jean Van Hamme (1939): scenario writer of cartoons
- Pierre Mertens (1939): Lawyer and writer
- Philippe Moureaux (1939): Politicking socialist
- Claude Javeau (1940): Sociologist
- Pierre Galand (1940): socialist Political personality
- Philippe Busquin (1941): socialist politician
- Herve Hasquin (1942): liberal politician
- Mateo Alaluf: Sociologist
- Maurice Lippens (1943): business man
- Gilbert Hottois (1946): philosopher and writer
- Alain Berenboom (1947): lawyer and writer
- Anne Morelli (1948): historian
- Isabelle Stengers (1949): philosopher of sciences
- Philippe Grollet (1950): former president of the laic Center of action
- Luc Dardenne (1954): realizer
- Alain Eraly (1954): Sociologist
- Jean Cornil (1958): senator
- Andrea Rea (1959): Sociologist
- Pascal Delwit (1961): political economist
- Jean-Michel De Waele (1961): political economist
- Marc Uyttendaele (1961): constitutionnalist
- Jacques Simonet (1963 - 2007): liberal politician
- Amélie Nothomb (1967): writer
- Jean-Michel Javaux (1967): politician ecologist
- Florence Reuter (1969): journalist and politicking liberal
- Paul Magnette (1971): political economist and socialist politician
- Zoe Genot (1974): politicking ecologist
- Charles Michel (1975): liberal politician
Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Science applied
- Solvay Business School
- the Sower
- Folklore studied in Belgium
- Warp end
- student Circles of the ULB
Official site of the ULB
- Official site of the VUB, equivalent Dutch-speaking of the ULB
- Delegation coed: Office of the students administrators
PLEASE do not add bonds towards the student circles: wikipédia is not a directory. They are in all taken again way here.
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