Universal declaration of the human rights
The Universal declaration of the human rights is a declaration adopted by the United Nations the December 10th 1948 with Paris with the Palais of Chaillot by the Résolution 217 has (III). It specifies the fundamental Human rights. John Peters Humphrey, Eleanor Roosevelt and Rene Cassin was the principal authors.
Without true legal consequences , this text has only the Valeur of proclamation of Droit S. Cependant, in the beginning, 48 State S on the 56 participants were to adopt this Charte Universel it. No State decided against and only eights abstained from. Among them, the South Africa of the Apartheid refuses the assertion with the right to the equality without distinction of birth or race, the Saudi Arabia question the equality man-woman. The Poland, the Czechoslovakia, the Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union (Russia, Ukraine, Bielorussia), abstaining from, as for them, because of a disagreement relating to the definition of the basic principle of universality such as it is stated in article 2 subparagraph 1. Lastly, the last 2 States not having taken share with the vote are the Yemen and the Honduras.
The text, inspired by the Declaration of the human rights and the citizen of 1789, is composed of thirty articles, states the basic rights of the individual and their recognition and their respect by the law. It includes/understands also a preamble with eight considerations recognizing the need for the inalienable respect of fundamental human rights by all the countries, nations and political regimes, and which is concluded by the advertisement from its approval and its proclamation by the General meeting from the United Nations.
The text of the preamble and the declaration is irremovable, its French version is an official original, signed and approved by the founding members of the United Nations, and not an approved translation.
One of burning criticisms of the declaration was Jeanne Kirkpatrick. Militant of the civic rights, she denounced the postures of certain politicians compared to their actions and compared the universal declaration of the human rights to the letter to the Father Christmas.
Legal consequencesAfter having voted the Universal declaration of the human rights, which has only one declaratory value, but does not create legal obligations, the General meeting wished a Charter of the human rights which would have obligatory force. After the creation of a Commission of the human rights charged to write it, the project led after long negotiations in the context of the cold war with two complementary texts: the international Pact relating to the economic rights, social and cultural and the international Pact relating to the civil laws and political.
- Human rights
- Declaration of the human rights and the citizen of 1789
- Declaration of the human rights and the citizen of 1793
- Declaration of the human rights and the citizen of 1795
- European Convention of the human rights
- '' Universal declaration of the human rights '', on the site of UNO
- Universal declaration of the rights of the homme.com
- Ministry for Justice, Universal declaration of the human rights of 1948
- Translation in addition to 300 languages of the '' Universal declaration of the human rights '', on the site of the High commissionership of the United Nations to the human rights
Simple: Universal Declaration off Human Rights Zh-min-nan: -kài Jîn-koân Soan-giân
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