The concept of unconscious collective is a concept suitable for the Psychanalyse jungienne, named better analytical Psychologie.
Foreword with the concept of unconscious collective
From the point of view jungienne, the unconscious collective is only one share of the unconscious one.
" The unconscious collective is an empirical and operational concept created by Jung in contact with the mental very ill patients: the personal history is not enough to explain and include/understand the whole of operations and psychic contents concerned in mental pathology. There would thus exist psychic authorities concerned with the humanity rather than of the individual. " in the psychoanalysis jungienne, Essentialis Collection, ED. Bernet-Danilot, April 2002
The unconscious is a concept suitable for the Psychanalyse jungienne, named better analytical Psychologie. Within this framework it has its own definition. The unconscious one comprises an unconscious personnel and an unconscious collective.
See also: Unconscious (analytical psychology)
" The complexity of the psychoanalysis jungienne is due to the fact that all the psychic authorities are in close relations the ones with the others. To describe a concept separately gives of him a vision inevitably partial because not holding account neither of the dynamic relationship with the other authorities nor of the whole of the psychic system. All is bound, all is in mouvement." in the psychoanalysis jungienne, Essentialis Collection, ED. Bernet-Danilot, April 2002
Resistance to the concept of unconscious
Originally of many people were opposed to the concept of unconscious:
“psychology is science of more young people and because she endeavors to elucidate what occurs in the unconscious one, she encounters an extreme form of misoneism. ” in C.G. Jung " The man and his symbols " , Robert Laffont, 1964 p 31.
Many people believed that it was only one personal point of view of Jung or the psychologists:
“… psychology is not only one personal fact. The unconscious one, which has its own laws and of the autonomous mechanisms, exerts on us an important influence, which one could compare with a cosmic disturbance. The unconscious one has the capacity to transport us or to wound us in the same way that a cosmic or weather catastrophe. ” in C.G. Jung " On the Interpretation of the dreams " , Albin Michel, 1998 p 218.
The difficulty of apprehending this concept
" The complexity of the psychoanalysis jungienne is due to the fact that all the psychic authorities are in close relations the ones with the others. To describe a concept separately gives of him a vision inevitably partial because not holding account neither of the dynamic relationship with the other authorities nor of the emsemble of the psychic system. All is bound, all is in mouvement." in the psychoanalysis jungienne, Essentialis Collection, ED. Bernet-Danilot, April 2002
Even if the unconscious one were in fact already known since Leibnitz, i.e. since the 17th century, the modern concept of Inconscient, can be allotted to Sigmund Freud. This one had the merit to apply it to individual cases and to sensitize on methods of investigation for patients reached of mental health disorders. The point of view of Sigmund Freud refers to the idea of unconscious individual and it is, on this subject also, opposed to the idea of Switzerland Carl Gustav Jung of Inconscient collective. This idea was developed by this last, one moment close to the psychoanalysis freudienne, then having created its own school of analytical Psychologie.
Carl Gustav Jung, which also speaks about unconscious impersonal , uses this concept under various meanings, energy of a structural model of the instinctive bases of unconscious, with the idea of a transmission inherited certain unconscious contents. This concept is for him always closely related to its definition of the prototypes, preforms empty which structure and instigate the whole of the psychic processes, perceptive, emotional, cognitive, behavioral etc
But attention, “One often believes that the " term; archétype" indicate definite images or mythological reasons. But those are nothing other than conscious representations: it would be absurd to suppose that such variable representations can be transmitted in heritage. The prototype resides in the tendency to represent us such reasons, representation which can vary considerably in the details, without losing his fundamental design. ” in C.G. Jung " The man and his symbols " , Robert Laffont, 1964 p 67.
For Sigmund Freud, founder of the Psychoanalysis, the unconscious one is characterized above all by the fact that it is born from original repression, and is in dynamic relationship to the system Conscient/Préconscient through the mechanisms of defense, in the forefront of which figure repression. Unconscious the freudien is thus not a data a priori . However Freud described the Primal phantasies, given a priori and collective of the unconscious one, but all the freudiens do not agree on interpretation to give of this concept.
On the contrary, for Jung, the unconscious one consists of all that is not conscious. It is located thus in the line of the French school of Paul Janet. Of this fact the approach of the two men can only partially correspond. Within the unconscious one, Jung differentiates the unconscious personnel , which recuts about what, at the beginning from the XX° sciècle, Freud understood by the unconscious one (Freud, then some freudiens, have, since, significantly makes evolve/move this concept), and the unconscious collective , or unconscious impersonal , which is the data a priori of the human heart, its share of objective reality. It is consisted the Archétype S. “For me this concept concerns only the theory of knowledge. In a direction I could say unconscious collective exactly the same thing that Kant said thing in oneself” (C.G. Jung, Correspondence 1906-1940, Paris, Albin Michel, 1992, pp.133-135)
Criticisms of the concept
Carl Gustav Jung forges the concept of unconscious collective following his interest for the esotericism and the Occultisme. In its work, it tries to justify its belief in the occultism via various concepts, of which that of unconscious collective and Synchronicité (concept supposed pseudo-scientist to explain the Astrologie, the Divination or other phenomena of Extrasensory perceptions).
The empirical elements that the psychoanalyst brings to try to prove the existence of the unconscious collective are largely anecdotic (he tells such or such memory that he has of an event which occurred with one of its patients), and can be explained by the education, and the presence of cultural elements in the environment of the subjects. Carl Gustav Jung hoped that one day of the evidence of a genetic transmission of its unconscious collective would be discovered by the Biologiste S. But, today, it is known that there does not exist gene of the unconscious one, or genes which transmit knowledge cultural. From this failure, much of psychologists consider today that the assumption of an unconscious collective was refuted.
Uses in other media
In film of Science fiction " The Island " (2005), of the Clone S created adult and maintained in insulation out of the world in an underground base are discovered Compétence S and to remember S pertaining to their original models. Its competences and memories would be transmitted genetically, which corresponds so that Carl Gustav Jung considered for its unconscious collective.
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