See also: Ulm (homonymy)
Ulm is a city of the Bade-Wurtemberg, in Germany, on left bank of the the Danube. It forms an urban whole with the town of Neu-Ulm, on Right Bank, in Bavaria. The city forms a urban Arrondissement (in German: Stadtkreis ) with it only and is the seat of the district ( Landkreis ) of Alb-Donau. The town of Ulm founded around 1850 av. J. - C. is rich of history and traditions, as an old free imperial city. Today, it is an important economic center thanks to a strong industrial activity, it is also an important university town, with a Université and a Hochschule. Ulm is also universally known for the tower of its Cathédrale which is highest of the world.
GeographyThe town of Ulm is located at the Confluent S of the Danube and the rivers of the Blau and the It. It is located at an altitude of 479 m (between 459m at the edge of the Danube and 646 m with highest). The city counts approximately 120.500 inhabitants. The major part of the city is on left bank of the Danube. Opposite, on other bank the twin city of Ulm in the free state of Bavaria is: Neu-Ulm (in French, New Ulm). This one, smaller counts approximately 50.000 inhabitants. The city located in a basin is surrounded by forests and low mountains, of which some belong to the the Jura souabe. The city is divided into 18 districts ( Stadtteile ): Ulm-Mitte, Böffingen, Donaustetten, Donautal, Eggingen, Einsingen, Ermingen, Eselsberg, Gögglingen, Grimmelfingen, Jungingen, Lehr, Mähringen, Oststadt, Söflingen (with Harthausen), Unterweiler, Weststadt, and Wiblingen.
The city is founded towards 854 and Frederic Barberousse in fact an imperial free city. The city was selected in 1488 like political seat of the Ligue of Souabe. Important textile center, enriched by the trade between Italy and Germany, it is also a center of banks. An armistice is signed there, guaranteeing in France neutrality Bavaria, Souabe, and Franconie (March 14th, 1647). Annexed in Bavaria (1803), it is removed by Napoleon with Mack, which capitulates there the October 20th 1805, it was the theater of large a battles opposing the Austrian troops of the Mack general to Napoleon i, which left there victorious. Then passes to Wurtemberg in 1810. In 1810, Ulm was turned over to the Royaume of Wurtemberg, but most of the city remained Bavarian by the name Neu-Ulm ( News-Ulm ). The 1st French Army occupies it in April 1945.
Tourist monuments and placesThe old city was destroyed to 81% in 1944 in an air attack with a development of a storm of fire. Some monuments were rebuilt.
- the Cathédrale of Ulm ( Ulmer Münster ) highest has the bell-tower of the world: it culminates with 161,53 meters. To reach the platform at the top, 768 steps should be climbed.
- the “district of the fishermen” ( Fischerviertel ), very picturesque.
- the Town hall ( Rathaus ) with its astronomical Clock, rebuilt after the destruction in 1944.
- the Stadthaus , general-purpose building built by Richard Meier on the square of the cathedral.
- Walk of arts ( Kunstpfad ) with sculptures of Niki de Saint Phalle close to the university.
Culture and education
- Theater of Ulm
- University of Ulm, founded in 1967
- Each year in July, the inhabitants go with boats and canoes on the the Danube in a spectacle of the name of Nabada ( " to bathe towards in bas" ).
EconomyThe city has a great industrial tradition, going back to the establishment of the station ferrovière in 1850. The principal sector is always industry traditional Mécanique, and particularly the work of the Métaux, the thermal engine and the Automobile. The creation of the Université helped á the transition towards an industry from high technology (electronic, Informatique, Télécommunications, Pharmaceutique), in close link with the laboratories of the university. The city thus counts now in addition to sound Industrie, of many research centres of important groups like DaimlerChrysler, EADS, Siemens or Nokia.
Principal companies having their seat with Ulm:
- (generic medicines)
- AG (work of copper)
- Carl Walther GMBH (firearms, particularly guns)
- Müller Ltd. & Co. KG.
- DaimlerChrysler : DaimlerChrysler Forschungszentrum (research center) and EvoBus (production of bus)
- EADS, European Aeronautic Defense and Space Company
- Nokia (telecommunications, center of R & D)
- Siemens AG
- Iveco Magirus
: firearms for hunting and the sport (for example for Biathlon).
- : Electronic devices.
- : Beers and fizzy drinks.
- Seats car for children.
- Deutz AG: Diesel engines.
- : special conveyers
- : chemicals,
- : editor
- : Cements, Concretes
- : Dry fruits, nuts and coffee
- : Automobile electronics
- Thalès Electron Devices: Electronics components of defense.
- : Security systems for the car.
Albrecht Ludwig Berblinger (1770-1829), aviator
Claudia Roth (1955 -), political woman
- Official site of the town of Ulm
- photo Gallery of Ulm
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