Ulcinj (Ulqin in Albanian, Ulkinon in Illyrien, old Ulkos in Greek, Italian Dulcigno in , Улцињ into Cyrillic Serb) is the city more in the south of the Montenegro, located at the edge of the Adriatic Sea. Commune bordering on the Albania, the population is primarily made up of Albanian (89,14%).
GeographyUlcinj is the most important albanophone city of Montenegro, it is also a seaside resort very popular broadside by named well Velika Plaža (Great beach) which is prolonged to the Albanian border with about fifteen kilometers in the east. Ulcinj is framed in the west by the town of Bar, in north by reliefs precipice which separate it from the Lac of Skadar, in the east by Albania and the south by the Adriatic Sea.
HistoryThe human presence in the area of Ulcinj goes back to the Bronze Age, of the tumuli having been discovered in the village close to Zogaj. The city was founded at fifth century BC by the Greeks and the Illyrien S, which does of them one of the oldest cities of the Adriatic coast. A colony coming from Colchide would have settled here, a poem of Apollonios of Rhodos attesting of their presence at third century BC In illyrien the name of the city was Ulkinon , where the racical Ulk means wolf. In Latin the city was known under the name of Ulcinium or Olcinium
With the the Middle Ages, a ship buckwheat made shipwreck on the coast and the surviving African slaves were accommodated by the buildings, which accepted them in the city. In 1571 the corsair Uludj Ali of origin Italian and converted to Islam seized the city.
The city is also known to have accommodated Sabbataï Tsevi (1629-1676), false Jewish Messiah; after its conversion with Islam it spent there its last days and one can see his fall into the old city. Ulcinj became integral part of Montenegro only in 1880 following the Russo-Turkish war which ended in 1870 and saw the victory of the Russians combined to the Montenegrins vis-a-vis the Turks.
In 1998 at the time of the war of Kosovo, of the thousands of Kosovan albanophones flowed towards Ulcinj and its surroundings, where they were accommodated under the best possible conditions by the population albanophone.
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