The Ukrainian ( українськамова/ukrayins'ka mova ) is one of the four Langue S pertaining to the Eastern family of the Slavic groups - of the family of the Indo-European Langues, the three others being the Russian , the Ruthène and the Belorusse . She is the official language of the Ukraine, but she is also spoken in Poland, Slovakia, Russia, Bielorussia, in the province of Transnistrie in Moldavie like in certain areas of Serbia like the Banat.
OutlineThe beginnings of a standardized Ukrainian language were often blocked by the lack of independence and sovereignty of the Ukraine. The existence of the Ukrainian as an own language was not universally recognized hundred more years ago. Indeed, the Encyclopædia Britannica 1911 defined the Ukrainian as a Dialecte “small Russian” of the Russian language. (in English) The Soviet historians defined the three Slavic languages as fraternal.
The modern eraSince the Independence of the Ukraine in 1991, the Ukrainian was declared only Official language of the country and the inhabitants were encouraged to use it. The school system was transformed to make of the Ukrainian the language of principal study. Russian however is taught there. The government also made so that the Ukrainian language is used more and more in the media and the trade. This brought some, in particular the Russian speakers, to denounce certain excesses which would rise from the “ukrainisation” of the country.
With independence, following the dissolution of the the USSR, the State proposed Ukrainian nationality with all the residents, whatever their origins. Thus much people regarding itself as Russian or Russian speakers also felt Ukrainian. The country became bilingual. Russian dominated the written media and the radio, while the Ukrainian was the single language of the televisual media controlled by the State. However the country is covered by the multiple chains coming from Russia, all in Russian.
During the two elections of 1994 and 2004, the adoption of Russian as second official language was one of the promises of one of the candidates (Leonid Koutchma in 1994, Viktor Ianoukovytch in 2004). This promise contributed to the support of the areas of the south and the east of the Ukraine, where the Russian speakers are majority, in Leonid Koutchma. However Russian was not founded as an official language during the ten years of his presidency (1994-2004).
AlphabetThe Ukrainian is written with the Cyrillic alphabet. He presents nevertheless some differences compared to the other Slavic languages, including the Russian . Four letters used in Russian are uncommon in Ukrainian: ъ , ы , э and ё ; the letter г decides and not; the Ukrainian has four specific additional letters: є (delivery), і (delivery), ї (delivery) and ґ (delivery). The и decides and not as in Russian. The usual Translittération of this и is there - what causes confusions with the semi-consonant й , often transcribed in an identical French way -. The O never decides as that is often the case in Russian. The е decides.
See Ukrainian Alphabet .
- Dictionary Freelang Dictionary Ukrainian-French/French-Ukrainian
Ukrainian Keyboard in line
Be-X-old: Украінскаямова Simple: Ukrainian language
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