The Uganda is a country of East Africa. He is also regarded as belonging to the Africa of the big lakes. He is surrounded by the Democratic republic of Congo, the Kenya, the Rwanda, the Sudan and the Tanzania. The south of the country includes a vast part of the Lake Victoria. Uganda draws its name from the old kingdom of Buganda, which formerly covered the areas more in the south, of which the capital Kampala.
See also: History of Uganda
IndependenceOctober 9th 1962, with the independence of Uganda, poses in an acute way the problem of the political structures. The adopted solution, expressed in the first Constitution, is of federal type - it associates the four old kingdoms - but the Bouganda maintains its preponderance until in the name of new the State, Uganda, country of the Baganda. The Kabaka Mutesa II becomes the life president about it. Milton Obote, founder in 1960 of the Congress of the Ugandan people ( Uganda People' S Congress or UPC), becomes Prime Minister. UPC, with the image of its leader, is the party of the nilotic populations of North, opposed to the domination economic and political of Bouganda and, therefore, favorable to centralization. Consequently, the tensions between nilotic North and the South bantou are exacerbated. In May 1966: Milton Obote, in order to impose centralization, sends the army to Bouganda and deposits king Kabaka Mutesa II with the support of its chief of staff, Idi Amin Dada. This last belongs to a minority Moslem ethnos group of the North-West. Obote makes promulgate, the following year, a new constitution abolishing the kingdoms, and instituting a presidential regime with sole party. The resistance of Baganda, that the policy of nationalization of the trade undertaken by Obote threaten directly in their interests, economic degradation and the accusations of corruption are combined to destabilize Obote.
Dictatorship of Amin Hobby-horseJanuary 25th 1971, Idi Amin Dada seizes the power by a coup d'etat. To the departure supported by the Western countries which feared a too socialist orientation of the preceding mode, Amin Dada will be released by the latter as its mode becomes tyrannical and sanguinary. In 8 years of being able, the mode will be marked death or disappearance of almost 300.000 Ugandans. Deprived of the Western assistance, after the expulsion of the country of the 50.000 indo-Pakistani (which held the trade and much companies) and the oppression of intelligentsia, the economy crumbles. In 1978, with the fall of the course of the coffee, principal export of the country, Uganda comes very close to bankruptcy and the Ugandan government is helped financially by the friendly Arab States of Idi Amin Dada. In 1979, after mutinies of the army, Idi Amin Hobby-horse, with the barks, attacks the Tanzania. This last counter-attack and with the assistance of the Ugandan resistance movement, reverses it in April 1979. The ex-dictator exiles himself then in Libya then in Saudi Arabia where he dies in 2003.
See also: Political of Uganda
Uganda is a republic with sole party. All the Ugandan citizens are members of the sole party. Yoweri Museveni is the Head of the State since 1986. The political parties are de facto authorized as regroupings but the candidates of the opposition are presented in the form of independent candidates to the elections.
The July 29th 2005, a popular referendum validates the constitutional modification and authorizes the multi-partism again. The yes obtains 92,6% of the voices and the participation is only of 47%. The opposition which in its great majority had called with the boycott denounces whimsical figures of participation.
The last legislative and presidential elections took place on February 23rd, 2006, and allowed the re-election of Yoweri Museveni with 59% of the voices, against 37% for its main adversary, Kizza Besigye. The Forum for the Democratic change of Mr. Besigye denounces frauds.
See also: Districts of Uganda
Uganda is divided into 45 districts. The districts are all named according to their respective principal city.
See also: Geography of Uganda
See also: Economy of Uganda
The principal export earnings of Uganda come from the export of the Café.
See also: Demography of Uganda
According to rencensement the 2002 (), the population of 23.878.736 is distributed between the various ethnicities as follows:
See also: Culture of Uganda
SportThe first Olympic champion of Uganda east John Akii-Bua, in 1972 in Munich with the 400m hedges.
- the film the Last King d' Écosse which recalls through the eyes of a doctor close to the Amin dictator this period to dictatorship to Uganda.
- documentary the General Idi Amin Hobby-horse: Self-portrait of Barbet spaniel Schroeder.
Page on Uganda of the University Laval (Quebec)
- economy of Uganda
Be-X-old: Уганда Simple: Uganda Zh-min-nan: Uganda
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