The typed are cocktail snacks of Spanish origin.
They belong to the culinary culture of Spain. Generally, they are been useful in small rations and accompany glass by wine or any other drink consumed with the bar.
According to the appetite or the hour, one can order a ration either supplements, una ración , or reduced, una media ( ración ).
Various and varied, typed them are the representation in miniature of each Spanish regional gastronomy.
Tapa comes from francic * the tappo (French cf “stopper” and “plug”) from where drift the Castillan tapar which means to stop , to cover (glass in fact). The direction of “cocktail snack”, “Kémia” is explained by the fact that at the origin one was used with aperitif a disc of pork-butchery posed on small glass as wine, thus forming a kind of lid (so that the insects and the dust of the inns in which one was useful do not fall into drinks).
Andalusia: it is in this area that one finds typed them in a strict sense term, namely a small plate or saucer furnished with various fresh produce or cooked: pork-butcheries, cheeses, olives, cracklings… In Jaén, Grenade, Almería, typed are brought to you gracefully when you order a drink. As they are free, it is of good rule not to require them…
with the Basque Country and in Navarre, country with the rich and refined gastronomy, typed them are high with the row of Article the speciality are the Pintxo S , kinds of amuse-mouths assembled on small pikes or pieces of bread, true assemblies to be distinguished as well for their gustatory smoothness as esthetic. The pintxos are laid out in plates distributed on all the counter, and are payable with the unit. One finds of them of all kinds, made up of products various nature, roasted, stoves or cooked out of sauce: fish, shellfish, shells, pork-butcheries, meats, vegetables… One also finds, as in Madrid, of the raciones .
With Barcelona, on the Passeig de Gràcia (be: Paseo de Gracia), there exists a famous establishment, Tapa Typed , of which it is the exclusive speciality.
LegendsThere exist several versions of legends on the origin of typed. One of most known refers to the Moyen-âge, during the reign of Alfonso X el Sabio at the 13th century. It is said that the king, suffering, saw himself prescribing Vin, and to avoid the effects of alcohol with jeun, took amuse-mouths in accompaniment of drink. After its re-establishment, it decided that, in the castles of Castille the wine was to make use suitably accompanied by a ration of food. With this measurement, the consumers were affected by the effects of alcohol.
Another version allots the creation of the term typed with a visit of the king Alfonso XIII in Province_de_Cadix, in which it stopped in an inn. Having sat, to the terrace, a draft rose, and the landlord, to prevent that dust or sand falls into glass, has to find as solution to stop (tapar) glasses with sections of Jambon. The solution of the landlord rained with the king, because it tasted ham and that it redemandait some. However, the authenticity of this anecdote is doubtful, because the use of dry bread or saucers to stop glasses is mentioned as of the 18th century. However, it is curious to note that the most popular legends allot the intervention, direct or not, of the kings at the origin of typed.
right|thumb|Jóvenes '' of tapeo '', lasting el [[Etnosur]], in [[Alcalá Real]], [[Jaén]], [[España]]. A simpler popular version tells than the tradition of typed originates in a snack of the peasants to wait the hour of the lunch, and than this need was better by taking a food accompanied by a little wine. In this manner, in the middle of the 19th century in Andalusia, one put pieces of cheese, ham or lomo (spine of pig) on wine glasses, stopping their contents.
Another legend tells, that, during the reign of the Kings Catholiques, because of the increase in the number of road accidents caused by alcohol, the taverniers transfer themselves obliged to be used glass as wine or of beer with one “typed”. This consisted of a cold plate furnished with ham, cheese, or of what was within reach of the tavernier. The customers were to consume food before drinking the contents of glass. This method was to reduce the alcohol consumption and the accidents.
Starting from these principal legends on the appearance of the term “typed”, it exists many local versions, more or less known. In each one of them, the origin of typed is a means of reducing the intoxication, of protecting drink, or a combination of all these reasons.
- Recettes of typed
External bonds and documents
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