DesignIn 1964, the Russian commercial aircraft such as the Tupolev You-104, the Antonov Year-10 and the Iliouchine It-18 became too old and were to be replaced by an apparatus which can transport 120 people on more than 6600 km and take off/land on summary tracks approximately a 2000 m length. It is the research department Tupolev with Sergueï Mikhailovitch Yeger then with Dimitri Markov (in 1971) which launched a project which was actually a Tupolev You-134 lengthened tri-jet. The aircraft was equipped with three hydraulic systems (which come from the British Trident), with an aerofoil, two nozzles of leading edge (at the wing tips) and shutters with triple slit coming from the Boeing B-727.
The first prototype took off the October 4th 1968, constructions began in August 1970 with Kouïbychev and Aeroflot, which was the first company to have it, was delivered in January 1971. The Soviet company began the use of the plane with the transport of freight, then with transport of passengers in July 1971. The 1972, the first international flight took place towards Prague.
The production reached approximately 935 specimens including 318 You-154M who flew in 1982.
- You-154: equipped with 3 GTR Kouznetsov NK-8-2 with double-flow of a push of 93,2 kN
- You-154A and You-154B: equipped with 3 Kouznetsov NK-8-2U of a push of 103 kN. The maximum weight on takeoff is also increased
- You-154S: Version cargo liner
- You-154M: equipped with 3 Aviadvigatel (Soloviev) D-30KU with double-flow of a push of 104 kN. All have a APU located above the central engine and which uses the same entries and left
- LL-154: Experimental plane, prepared for the flight with zero G
- Tu-155 and Tu-156: Cryogenic testing grounds of engines
Air crashes related to this model
- August 22nd 2006: Tupolev You-154 of the company Poulkovo Airlines which carried out the connection between Anapa, Seaside resort of the Black Sea and Saint-Pétersbourg, is crushed with the top of the Ukraine close to Donetsk making 169 victims (159 passengers and 10 team members) more 1 survivor.
- September 1st 2006: You-154 of Iran Air Turns ignite with the landing with Mashhad (Iran), making 29 victims.
- List of the civil aircrafts
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