The Trentin-Haut-Adige (constitutional name ) or Trentin-Tyrol-of-South (in Italian: Trentino-Viola Adige and in German: Trentino-Südtirol ) is a autonomous region of septentrional Italy, of 900.000 inhabitants. The area has like capital Thirty, according to the statutes, but also Bolzano ( German Bozen in or Balsan in Ladin) which is the seat of the district council and part of the administration. The name Trentin is derived from that of its capital Thirty . The Haut-Adige ( Viola Italian Adige in ) indicates, as for him, the northern part of the area, since the river Adige ( German Etsch in ) there takes its source.
See also: History of Trentin-Haut-Adige
The area is divided into two provinces: that of Thirty which is italophone and that of Bolzano/Bozen to German-speaking majority but also having a minority of Ladin S. This last province is also called Haut-Adige or Tyrol-of-South ( German Südtirol in and Ladin). The whole of the area was Austrian until 1919 before being annexed to the Italy.
GeographyThe area is bordering on the Austria (the Tyrol of North and the East) in north and on the Suisse (Canton of the Grisons) in the extreme North-West. The south is bordered by Venezia and the Lombardy. The surface is of 13.613 km ². The relief primarily mountainous, is marked by the vertical forms of the Dolomites. Large valleys penetrate nevertheless space. Those of Adige and Isarco are broadest and allow the communication with North. The collar of the Brenner is the easiest passage of this corridor towards Austria and Allemagne.
The total population is approximately 900.000 inhabitants. The towns of Bolzano and Thirty gather more than 250.000 people. But the population is disseminated on the whole of the territory, especially in the valleys.
The distribution by linguistic groups is of more than 60% for the italophones and 35% for the German-speaking ones. A small minority speaks the Ladin in the valleys Badia and Gherdëina.
The regional valleys produce many wine vintages, early products, dairy produces as well as products of poultry farming. The forestry development contributes to paper industry. The production sites chemical and metallurgical benefit from the hydro-electric resources which are largely exported.
Tourism is a major source of incomes for the area as well in summer as in winter with its stations considered like that of Gherdëina.
Culture(to be supplemented)
Trentin-Haut-Adige is subdivided in two provinces:
- autonomous Province of Bolzano ('' Bozen ''), chief town: Bolzano ('' Bozen '').
- autonomous Province of Thirty, chief town: Thirty
The statute of autonomy conferred on each province extends in fact at the regional level. The council and the regional government have their seat in the two cities. Every two years, the seat of the room of the regional elected officials permutes between the two cities.
Site of the district council http://www.regione.trentino-a-adige.it
- Site of the province of Bolzano http://www.provincia.bz.it/francais/
- Site of the Sport of Trentino http://www.sportstrentino.com
Simple: Trentino-viola Adige/Südtirol
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