Tram and bus of the CUB
Network TBC is managed by Connex Bordeaux, company of the group Veolia Transport, division transport of Veolia Environnement. Connex Bordeaux is related to CUB by a contract of 8 year old public service delegation (2001-2008).
the Urban community defines the offer of transport (traced lines, frequency of passage…), the tariff policy defines, supports the large investments and control the management of the owner.
Connex Bordeaux, for its part, advises and informs the CUB, ensures the management of the network and day before its good performance and implements all the elements likely to contribute to the development of the use of public transport: staff training, step quality, marketing policy, general studies.
The collaboration of Connex Bordeaux and the CUB makes it possible to offer to: 701000 served inhabitants, divided on 28 communes, the access to public transport, tram, drunk and river Shuttle.
See also: Tram of Bordeaux
The TBC manages the three tram lines of Bordeaux. This tram was built after the abandonment by the town hall of Bordeaux of the project of subway VALLEY. The network tram represents 27,4 km. The first line (A) was open the December 21st 2003 in the presence of Jacques Chirac and of Alain Juppe between Mériadeck and Lormont/Cenon. It was prolonged the September 26th 2005 to Saint-Augustin and the June 21st 2007 until Mérignac Center. The line a.c. be open with delay the April 24th 2004 and prolonged Quincunxes with Large Park the November 19th 2007. The line B is partially open the May 15th 2004 and entirely the July 3rd 2004. It was prolonged between Pessac Bougnard and Pessac Center the May 29th 2007 and on July 23rd of Wet docks with Quinconces.
The three lines are the following ones (brought up to date data on November 19th, 2007):
Ligne has - Mérignac Center ↔ Lormont Lauriers or Floirac Dravemont (17 km)
- Ligne B - Wet docks ↔ Pessac Center (by the campus) (10,6 km)
- Ligne C - Grand Park ↔ Gare Midsummer's Day (5,1 km)
The line C will be prolonged in 2008
Ligne C will be prolonged Gare Midsummer's Day towards Ground New and of Grand Park towards Sapwoods.
The tram is used by: 135000 people each day at the end of 2006, of which:
- : 55000 people per day for has,
- : 60000 people per day for B,
- : 20000 people per day for C.
On average, the tram represented into 2005,53% of the frequentation of network TBC.
See also: Lines of bus of Bordeaux
Network TBC is composed of 77 lines of bus of day (of line 1 with line 95), of 14 lines of night (of S1 with S14) and of an electric shuttle which serves the small streets of the hyper center. This shuttle has as a characteristic not to have any stop, it stops with the request.
These lines of bus serve the 27 communes of the CUB as well as part of Cadaujac except CUB. This network was set up the July 3rd 2004 after an important reorganization of the old network of bus without to solve its principal defect, its complexity. The new lines allow a whole a correspondence with the tram. Several old lines of bus were removed and replaced by the tram. Others were created sometimes on criteria more political than true studies of customers .
The network includes/understands:
- a score of lines of strong frequency in Rush hour (10 minimum minutes), in the course of redefinition so as to reinforce their legibility (identical routes A/R) like their frequency in particular in HP and fringe of point of the evening (minimum from 80 to 90 A/R J.),
- 10 lines Express train (stopping only with the principal stops in HP),
- of the inter-commune lines of proximity (all fifteen minutes in rush hour),
- of many lines of local service road (service roads specific political, school or professional) whose effectiveness in terms of travellers remains extremely low (V/K < 0.5 for the majority).
The new classification of the buses allows a greater clearness on the served zones. The old lines were numbered by figures or letters. In the new network, the letters are reserved for the tram, whereas the figures are reserved for the buses:
- lines 1 to 19: Bordeaux center, Southern Right Bank (Floirac, Bouliac, Cenon and Lormont),
- lines 20 to 29: southern sector (Bègles, Villenave d' Ornon),
- lines 30 to 39: circular lines (of periphery with periphery),
- lines 40 to 49: south-western sector (Gradignan, Pessac, Talence and Mérignac),
- lines 50 to 59: western sector and the North-West (Mérignac, Haillan, Bouscat, Saint-Medard-in-Jalles, Saint-Aubin-of-Medoc, the Taillan-Medoc, Eysines, Bruges, Blanquefort and Parempuyre),
- lines 60 to 69: local service road of Southern Right Bank (Floirac, Bouliac, Cenon and Lormont),
- lines 70 to 79: local service road of the North-western sector,
- lines 80 to 89: local service road of the Western sector,
- lines 90 to 99: service road of Northern Right Bank (Bassens, Carbon-White, Saint-Louis-with-Montferrand, Saint-Vincent-of-Paul, Number combinations and Ambarès-and-Lagrave).
The buses of night circulate of 21:30 to 1:00 in complement of the tram and have a 30 minutes frequency.
A two-speed network…Unfortunately, the network of in-depth bus having been insufficiently worked again while remaining particularly complex (dissociated routes, loops, antennas, culs-de-sac…), the business success of the 3 tram lines results in a strong reduction in the frequentation of the lines of bus, in particular draining those distant from less than 800 m from the tram (against 400 generally allowed).
It results from it a drawn two-speed network by the tram with close to: 140000 travellers per day, and a network of bus until there poor relation of TBC but in the course of redefinition in order to reabsorb the ditch enters the 2 systems.
This ambitious policy encounters despite everything a still weak political will of handing-over in question of a policy up to now very favorable to the car, with the installation of the Gertrude system (computer-assisted management of the traffic) and of many One way.
… that it is advisable to correctOne on the matter notes nevertheless a strong inflection of the CUB with in particular:
- the progressive installation of a new traffic organization allowing to give of the streets double direction favorable to the legibility of the network of bus,
- the progressive taking into account of the buses in general circulation and beginning of studies of corridors with against direction (Fondaudège streets or Republic/Judaïque amongst other things),
- of the studies to facilitate the crossing of the barriers extremely penalizing for the Block speed buses,
- the wish to develop true Drunk with high level of service like those of Rouen (TEOR), in particular in sectors not served by the medium-term tram (53 towards St-Medard inter alia…),
- the setting in progressive Accessibility of the stops.
Moreover the network, taking into account its excellent results in terms of voyages on the tram as well as investments in progress to extend the network, comes to obtain in December 2006 the first place of the prize list of City & Transport. It remains to transform the test by the relaunching of the lines of bus in order to reach a frequentation of about 150 voyages per annum and per capita (approximately 100 in 2005) approaching the best current French networks having a tram.
The TBC in figures
: 1987 paid of which: 1350 drivers
- 44 oars of tram (38 Citadis 402,6 Citadis 302)
- 510 buses (including 143 circulating with natural gas and 6 electric shuttles)
- : 69810000 voyages in 2005
- : 24721000 km traversed in 2005
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