It is in 1921 that Touva became an independent State (of 1921 to 1926 under the name of Popular republic of Tanou Touva). This independence was quite relative. Officially it was under the protection of the Russia, but in the facts, all the important decisions were to have the downstream of sound " protecteur".
It is located at the extreme-south of the Siberia and has as frontier countries the République of Altaï in the west, the Republic of Khakassie, the Krai de Krasnoïarsk and the Oblast d' Irkoutsk in north, the République of Bouriatie in the east and the Mongolia in the south.
It is the federal prone 24e of Russia in term of surface, with 170.500 km ².
The town of Kyzyl is its capital.
See also: Subdivisions of the Republic of Touva
CannabisFollowing the closing of many industrial centers in the Years 1990, the culture of the Cannabis arrived in Touva and became very important there. However it is officially prohibited. The estimates concerning the surface of the fields of cannabis are very vague and go from 26.000 to 84.000 Hectare S. In 2005, twice-weekly the Muscovite Novaïa Gazeta , regards it as Russian Colombia, where even the children earn their living thanks to the cannabis and where the police force defends the producers… . Always according to Novaïa Gazeta , the cannabis became in certain areas a currency of exchange, making it possible to obtain food products, car S, motor bikes, horses or alcohol… .
DemographyIn 2002, Touva had 305.510 inhabitants. There were 235.313 Touvains, 61.442 Russians, 1.404 Komis, 1.219 Khakasses…
This republic belongs to an area of the world famous for its diphonic traditional songs called " Khoomei" or “songs of throat”.
The 14th Dalaï Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, visited the Kalmoukie into 1991,1992 and 2004, in particular to bless the monastery of Elista built in the interval of its visits. He visited the Bouriatie and the area of Touva in 1992. Yeshe Lodoi Rinpoché, large a LAMA Tibetan which had as a spiritual Master a Buriat LAMA, came from India to give lesson in Bouriatie since 1993.
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