Toronto is more the big city of the Canada with more than 2,5 million inhabitants (6 136.654 in large Toronto in 2006) ( Torontois ) on 630 km ².
SituationToronto is the capital of the province of the Ontario (old High-Canada) and the economic metropolis of the country. The population of Large Toronto counts 6.136.654 inhabitants. She is located on northern bank of the Lake Ontario in the province of the Ontario, of which she is the economic heart. Toronto is a modern city with the multicultural face of which from now on only 40% of the population are of old British stock. The Lingua franca was always the English (spoken by almost hundred percent about the population), with the Italian , the Portuguese and the Chinese being rather common too.
HistoryFormer strong French of the name of Extremely Rusted until 1760 (end of the French mode in Canada), whose site was abandoned. After the American Revolution, the territory always formed part of the Province of Quebec, but the arrival of the Loyalistes, taken refuge American, pushed the British authorities to divide this province into two parts with the constitutional Acte of 1791. The colony of the High-Canada was thus established under the Serious governor John Simcoe (1752-1806). Simcoe is established in Newark (Niagara-one-tea-Lake), but in 1793 Guy Carleton, first baron Dorchester, the General governor of Canada accepted the second choice of Simcoe, a site on the Lake Ontario which it named York according to Frederick, Duke off York, the second wire of the king George III. This second name remains partly registered in the cartography by the existence of districts like York , East York and North York . Simcoe installed the government and the legislative Assemblée from High-Canada in York in 1796. The Ville is plundered and destroyed during the Guerre of 1812 by the American army under the eyes horrified at the citizens. The Parliament and of the public edifices are voluntarily burnt.
In 1834 the agglomeration became Toronto, the year of its incorporation like city. The name Toronto was formerly that of a lake of rather good dimension (but which is not one of the Big lakes) being with approximately 120 kilometers in the north of the agglomeration and which names today Lac Simcoe (name of the first governor of the High-Canada which made of York/Toronto its capital). Then, by one of these toponymic drifts rather typical in North America, it was the name of a small river which sprinkles the current site of the city and which is called today the Humber river. It is according to the name of this Rivière Toronto that initially the city was called, possibly on the model of Chicago which had been named according to one of bays of the Lake Michigan. The word Toronto means “the place where the roots of the trees soak in water” in a dialect mohawk of the east of Canada. The usual French periphrasis for Toronto east the City-Queen .
In 1953 the Municipality off Metropolitian Toronto was created by the government of Ontario to gather several municipalities (what included/understood North York, Scarborough and Etobicoke among them) of the old county of York. As of the Sixties, real great projects are undertaken like the construction of the First Canadian Place, gigantic tower white of the center town which will be the first great project of the future billionaire Paul Reichmann. In 1998 this regional municipality disappears with the profit from one only city: Toronto, the new mayor being Mel Lastman, the former mayor of North York (what was now the district in the north of new Toronto).
EconomyIt is especially the growth of the motor-car industry elsewhere in the province (Oshawa) which gave the initial industrial impulse to this old center of porcine slaughter-houses. Toronto is today the banking and financial heart of Canada. Culture industries and data processing develop to with it also at an intensive pace. However the downtown area of the city did not see many new buildings of office, the majority of the new projects being condominiums.
CultureToronto is in the middle of the intellectual and cultural life of anglophone Canada. The anglophone chain of Radio-Canada, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) , seat in Toronto, like TV Ontario and TFO, the chains english-speaking and French-speaking person of the Ontarian government. The majority of the publishers are in Toronto. The International Festival off Authors (IFOA) in Harbourfront Center is the first literary festival in anglophone Canada. Toronto is also a production center for film and the theater (International festival of film of Toronto (). The national Ballet of Canada and the Toronto Symphony Orchestra are in Toronto. There are two local dailies, the Toronto Star and the Toronto Sun national and two daily newspapers, The Globe and Mail and the National Post . Moreover it there several daily free newspapers ( Subway , 24 Hours ) and weekly magazines (Now, Eye,…). The public library of Toronto has, amongst other things, the largest public collection of document concerning to the science fiction, the collection Merril, rich person of more than 55.000 articles.
TransportThe city benefits from an extensive system of public transport (the Toronto Transit Commission) of which the subway (four lines, 69 stations), the Tramway S with the downtown area, and the Autobus. The line is famous being cleaner than the average, but suffers owing to the fact that it does not cover the whole city, in more it counts only one highway in North-South direction downtown, which returns circulation in the very difficult city and generates problems of pollution. Very often pollution does not make it possible to see the top of largest scrapes-ciels. The international airport Toronto Pearson with Mississauga, Ontario (largest of the country) serves Large Toronto and the southern part of the province.
- Turn CN of 553 meters.
- SkyDome or Rogers Centers, center sporting
- Town hall of Toronto
- Queen' S Park, site of the legislative Assemblée of Ontario
- St Michael' S Cathedral, the cathedral of the Archidiocèse of Toronto.
- St James Cathedral, the cathedral of the diocese Anglican of Toronto.
- Princess off Wales Theater and Royal Alexandra Theater
- royal Musée of Ontario
- Université of Toronto
- Bata Shoe Museum
- the Petit Glenn
- the castle Put Loma
- the Temple of re-elected hockey (Hockey Hall off Famed)
- the Hippodrome of Woodbine.
Among all the Canadian cities Toronto with the greatest quantity of professional teams, of which most popular locally is its team of hockey, the Maple Leafs of Toronto. On a lower level, the city contains many leagues amateurs and the hundreds of arenas. Although hockey is enough dominating like sport, there is a great community of immigrants coming from the countries where the Football is the preferred activity and the foot is in fact very common too. Trying to capitalize on this, the MLS founded a football club in 2006, being called Toronto FC. The team made her beginnings in the League in April 2007.
OtherThe relatively high buildings of the downtown area profit since 2004 from a mode from refrigeration by heat pumps supplied with always cold water the depths from the Lake Ontario.
- Tour automobile CN
- Grand Prix of Toronto
- Université of Toronto
- Université York
- Petit Glenn
- Eaton Centers
- Liste of the ten higher skyscrapers of Toronto
- City off Toronto - the official site of the city.
- Toronto Center Information - Information center of Toronto
- Tourist office of Toronto
- Guide of Voyage from Toronto
- Seen and landscapes of Toronto
- History of the name of Toronto
- To travel to Toronto
Simple: Toronto, Ontario Zh-min-nan: Toronto Zh-yue: 多倫多
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