Tolède ( Spanish Toledo in ) is a city of the center of the Spain, located at 70 km in the south of Madrid. Tolède is, until the medium of XVIe century, Capitale of the Spain, today capital of the Province of Tolède and the autonomous community of Castille it Manche.
- Population: 77.601 hab.
- Language: Castilian
- zip code: 45071
- Access: A-42 from Madrid; N-403 since Castille-and-León; N-401 since Ciudad Real; N-400 since Cuenca; CM-42 depis Andalusia
Archaeological remainders of the Bronze Age were discovered on the hill Cerro del Bu. This natural fortress impregnable dominating the neighborhoods and served by the river Tage protected the inhabitants from this place during very a long time. That their ensured a certain prosperity because of many decorative objects bronze, silver and gold were found there.
This village decides to increase by occupying more and more the other bank of the river, the hill of Alcázar. They is here that the history of the city itself is formed while becoming, in turn, acropolis, fortress and, finally, palate and military zone.
In 192 before J.C, Roman founded city of Toletum (“population strengthened” in Latin), which became Tolède thereafter, and there many traces left through constructions of which there remain ruins still today. The town of Tolède is quoted for the first time by the historian Tite Live who qualifies it “strengthened small town”.
In 596 of the Christian era, Tolède was conquered by Léovigild and became then the capital of the Visigoths. Thereafter, the last sovereign Visigoth Rodrigue pursued an imprudent policy which led to the invasion by the Moors into 711. The city formed then part of the Califat of Cordoue.
The councils of Tolède: between 400 and 702 after J. - C. there be eleven general councils, which treated questions of faith; and seven provincial councils, which were worried more ecclesiastical discipline.
The May 25th 1085 Alphonse VI of Castille took again Tolède of the hands of the Musulmans.
At the 12th century, the city becomes a very famous center of Traduction, and especially a meeting place between the scientists of the 3 great religions Moslem Juive, and Chrétienne.
During the Spanish Civil war, Tolède is the theater of engagements around the Military academy of Alcazar. It is there that took place the Siège of Alcazar de Tolède (1936) remained celebrates, where nationalist troops resisted a seat of almost 70 days carried out by the republican troops. They were helped in September 1936, and after three months of intense combat, colonel Moscardo, ordering place, pronounced a word remained famous with the nationalist troops come to help it: “ Sin novedad in el Alcazar ” (“nothing to announce in Alcazar”), sentence then conventional in the Spanish army.
Tolède was particularly famous for its production of Acier and in particular for its sword S. Its techniques were brought to him of Perse by the Moslem . The city is today still an important center of production of knives and other objects out of steel.
Old capital of Spain, Tolède was abandoned in this role with the profit of Madrid in the middle of the 16th century, under the order of Philippe II.
Arts and culture
The old city is in top of a mountain and one can see there many historic buildings of which the Citadel, the cathedral and the Zocodover (of the Arab Suk-Al-dawad , cattle market, the central market). Tolède was known for its religious tolerance during the period when it belonged to the country of Al-Andalus and the communities Jewish, Moslem and Christian woman cohabited there peacefully. This changed with the reconquest following which were expelled of Spain Juif S and Musulman S refusing to convert. However, it remains in Tolède many memories of this tolerant time like the Synagog '' Santa María Blanca '', the Synagog '' del Tránsito '' and the Mosquée '' del Cristo of Luz ''.
Tolède accommodated the painter Greco in the last part of its life and the city is the topic of several of its most famous tables of which El entierro del Conde of Orgaz which is exposed in the Church of Santo Tomé .
- Photograph gallery on Tolède and its monuments
- panoramic Images of Toledo
- Town hall of Tolède (Spanish Site)
- Semi Toledo Información de Toledo
- Leyendas de Toledo Historia, leyendas, monumentos, información turística there farming sober the ciudad.
- Guía of toledo in sefardí
Simple: Toledo, Spain
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