Tim Berners-Lee , of its complete name Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee (born on June 8th, 1955 with London) is the Co-inventor with Robert Cailliau of the World Wide Web. It chairs today the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Biography and work
Born with London on June 8th, 1955, wire of Conway Berners-Lee and Mary Lee Woods, Tim studies the Physique with the Université of Oxford of 1973 with 1976. It benefits from these years to manufacture its first Ordinateur starting from a Microprocesseur Motorola 6800 and from an old woman Télévision.
In 1989, it works with the CERN, which is then connected to Internet. There Berners-Lee saw opportunity of binding the principle of hypertext with Internet. He declared later: “I have only to take the principle of hypertext and to bind it with the principle of TCP and DNS and then - boom! - it was the World Wide Web! ”.
Starting from 1990, it develops three principal technologies of the Web: the addresses Web, the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) and the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). It develops the first Navigateur Web and Web editor (called WorldWideWeb and developed on NeXTSTEP) and the first Serveur HTTP, CERN httpd. He works with Robert Cailliau and some other people of the CERN.
In December 1994, it leaves off the CERN for the Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT), where it occupies the pulpit 3Com (Computer Compatibility Communication) with the Laboratory for Computer Science (LCS).
The same Berners-Lee year founded off the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) with the Massachusetts Institute Technology (MIT). It includes/understands various companies ready to create standards and to make recommendations in order to improve quality of the Web. In 1996, with the collaboration of Håkon Wium Binds, the W3C announced a standard named Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). In December 2004, Berners-Lee off accepted the pulpit in Science of Data processing in School Electronics and Computer Science of the Université of Southampton to the the United Kingdom. It will be harnessed soon in close cooperation with its university with its new project: the semantic Web, the new shape of revolutionary contents Web, according to its originator.
Even if the basic principles of the Web are relatively simple, Berners-Lee included/understood how to combine them so that they concern new potentials unceasingly. But its greater contribution was perhaps to have made its idea completely free without patent nor rights. The World Wide Web Consortium decided that their standards were to be only based on free technologies of straight so that each one can adopt them freely.
In an intervention given in 2005 to the chain BBC, it showed that it regarded the Internet limited as information source:
Even the most intelligent site most clearly, and widest cannot hope for the wealth of contained information in good book of reference. Internet, very clearly, cannot replace a well organized public library.
The July 16th 2004, it is anobli by the Queen of England Elizabeth II at the time of a ceremony of nomination to London where it receives the title of knight commander of the Ordre of the British Empire. This title, classified second in the classification of decorations, is allotted to him in recognition of services rendered for “the global development of Internet”.
The August 23rd 2005, it is devoted by the German government which decrees the Quadriga price to him as “one of the two more important scientists of the 20th century, to the sides of Albert Einstein”.
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