HistoryBefore the arrival of Europeans, Tidore was an important political and economic power regional and the savage rival of its neighbor of north Ternate. The sultans of Tidore controlled the south of Halmahera and at certain times, Buru, Ambon and several of the islands to broad of the Western New Guinea, of which Sorong. In XVIe century, Tidore is combined with the Spanish , which make build many forts on the island. In spite of a reciprocal mistrust, the Spanish presence made it possible Tidore to fight against the incursions of Ternate and the Dutchmen of the VOC (Dutch Compagnie of the Eastern Indies) which was established there.
In spite of the withdrawal of the Spaniards in 1663, Tidore continues to resist to the Dutchmen. In particular, under the sultan Saifuddin (reign 1657-1689), Tidore uses the incomes of the sale of spices to the Dutchmen to reinforce its traditional bonds with its neighbors, which will enable him to avoid making call using the Dutchmen, as Ternate did it.
Tidore will remain an independent kingdom, in spite of frequent interferences of the Dutchmen, until the end of the XVIIIe century. Like Ternate, Tidore will make it possible to the Dutchmen to apply their plan of eradication of spices to its territory. The purpose of this program was to reinforce the Dutch monopoly on spices by limiting their production to a restricted number of places. It will impoverish Tidore and weaken its control on its neighbors.
LanguageThe language of Tidore is not Austronésien. Like that of its neighbor Ternate and those of the north of the large island close to Halmahera, it belongs to a group known as " north halmaherien". This group, at the sides in particular of a group of languages known as of the " Head of Oiseau" (nickname of the Western end of the New Guinea, form a family known as of the Western Languages papoues.
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