The department of the Vendée (85) is a department French crossed by the river éponyme, affluent of the Niort Sèvre.
See also: History of the Vendée
The territory of the Vendée was probably occupied in the Antiquité by the Gallic Peuple of the Ambilatres or Ambiliates. It was attached to the territory of the Pictons by Auguste towards 16 av. J. - C.
Northern part of the Aquitanian , this territory became then the low part of the Poitou (Low-Poitou). Richelieu, bishop of Luçon evokes évêché “more droppings of France”. The Low-Poitou is in the middle of the conflicts of the wars of religion at the 16th century and 17th centuries because of a strong Protestant presence in half Is department. A strong repression constrained Protestants with conversion or the exile. This influence was often underestimated thereafter. The chart of the Vendée catholic counter-revolutionary recovers partly that of Low-Poitou Huguenot.
The department was created at the beginning of the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from part of the province of the Poitou (Low-Poitou), Île of Noirmoutier and 16 communes of the Marches of Brittany (and évêché of Nantes less the parish poitevine of Remouillé, attached to the very new department of the Loire-Inférieure.
Its chief town was initially fixed at Fontenay-the-Count.
The Vendée is famous in the French history for the wars which bore its name during the Révolution. She indeed saw clashing country insurgent (White) and armed revolutionary (the Blue ones) during several years, in a conflict which was the cause of tens of thousands of dead and which marked the imaginary Vendean one durably. It is necessary however to dissociate to some extent the territory of the military Vendée (Guerre of the Vendée) which extends in the scrap-metals (cf Armorican Massif) from the South from the Loire (Southern of the Brittany, South of the Anjou and a great North-western quarter of the Poitou with Cholet for epicentre), of the department of the Vendée based and conceived starting from the Low-Poitou.
The past of the Vendée is commemorated each summer with the Puy of Insane the. The “Historial” of the Vendée, museum located at the Lucs-on-Boulogne, village which was devastated by the infernal columns of the general Turreau under the Terreur, opened in June 2006.
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