The the Tiber (Italian Tevere ) is a river Italy N born with the Mont Fumaiolo with 1268m, in the Apennin romagnole (area Emilie-Romagna). It crosses the Ombrie by circumventing Perugia by the east, sprinkles the town of Rome and the Latium, and emerges by a delta in the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the third longer river of Italy after the Po and the Adige.
Its principal affluents are the Chiani , enlarged Paglia which pass to Orvieto, the Nera which passes to Terni and the Aniene (or Teverone ). The alluvial transit of the basin is important and the mouth advances in the sea at the rate of 4 meters per annum. The ruins of the ancient port of Ostie are surrounded today by fields to 4 km of the sea. The alluvial plain is divided by the seaside resort of Lido di Ostia in the south and the Aéroport Leonardo da Vinci in north.
So certain Roman traditions attach the name of the river - in Latin Tiberis - to the drowning of an individual of the same name, it would however seem that the origin of the Hydronyme is rather resulting from the Etruscan language , since the essence of its course crosses their territory.
The first bridge that the inhabitants of Rome built on the Tiber was the Pont Sublicius which was, according to the legend, wanted by the king sabin Ancus Marcius to facilitate the Latin exchanges between and Etruscan. It was entirely built of wood in order to be quickly dismounted, if the relations between the two people would worsen.
Indeed, at the time of the monarchy, the Tiber constituted a natural border of Rome with the Etrurie. Under the republic, a district " Beyond Tibre" (and thus of the city), the Transtiberim (the Trastevere today) was constituted, especially populated Jews and Syrians. This ground initially " étrangère" was annexed thereafter to the town of Rome under the emperor Auguste.
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