The Solomon Islands
See also: Solomon
The Solomon or the the Solomon Islands (in English Solomon Islands ) are a State, traditionally located in Mélanésie, located in the close Oceania, consisted of a Archipel of a dozen principal islands and more than 990 smaller islands.
The archipelago is located in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean, in the east of the New Guinea-News-Guinea. Solomon belong to the the British Commonwealth.
See also: History of the Solomon Islands
Archipelago of the close Oceania (i.e. islands which, for the majority, is intervisibles, which facilitates navigation between them), it is populated as of the first phase of expansion of the culture Océanien Lapita, by populations undoubtedly qualified wrongly of Mélanésien born by Jules Dumont d' Urville as of 1831 - because they are narrow relationships of all the populations Austronésien born neighbors of which nothing, from the point of view linguistic and cultural, does not distinguish them. Closer to the initial hearth (located in the islands of Admiralty), they undoubtedly among are split up, especially from the linguistic point of view. On the other hand, no narrow relationship exists with the Papou S.
The the United Kingdom establishes a protectorate on the Solomon Islands in the Années 1890, within the framework of the Commission of the Western Pacific (and under the German pressure).
Of very hard combat took place on these islands between the United States and Japan during the Second world war. Autonomy was carried out in 1976 and independence was granted the July 7th 1978. The current problems which call into question the viability of this archipelago are, inter alia, the deficit of government, the Déboisement and Malaria controls it.
The continuous dissatisfaction with the population led to an almost complete stop of the normale  activity;: the civils servant remained unpaid during months and the meetings of the cabinet last being held in the secrecy to prevent “ warlords ” (lords of the war) local to mingle with it.
In July 2003, the general Gouverneur of the Solomon Islands published an official request for international assistance which was approved later by the government.
An important quota international of safety, baptized RAMSI, ordered by the Australia and the New Zealand, composed soldiers and police officers, and with representatives of a score of other nations of the Peaceful (but especially of Tonga, Fiji and New Guinea-News-Guinea), started to spread in August 2003, under the name of operation “ Helpem Fren ” (i.e. “ to help a ami ” in local Pidgin). This regional force of assistance is disputed today. Michael Maina, the minister salomonais Police force, estimated at the beginning of 2005 that this force was to be last in review because of “ low registers carences ”. On the other hand, Peter Noble, a New Zealander, assistant of the “ coordinator spécial ” of the RAMSI, left its functions while being cordially congratulated by sir Allan Kemakeza. The current coordinator is Australian, James Batley, a diplomat of career. The death of a young Australian police officer, killed by balls at the beginning of December 2004, had caused the sending of a company of a hundred men.
The April 2nd, 2007 the archipelago is struck by two violent ones Séisme S followed by a Tsunami.
See also: Political of the Solomon Islands, List of leaders: provinces of Solomon
See also: Subdivisions of the Solomon Islands
See also: Geography of the Solomon Islands
The Solomon Islands are a rather wide Archipel consisted of many islands (Liste of the Solomon Islands). The archipelago is located in the south-west of the Pacific Ocean, in the east of the New Guinea-News-Guinea of which it is separated by the Mer from Solomon. The principal islands are Choiseul, the islands of the News-Georgia, Santa Isabel, the islands of Russel, the islands Florida, Malaita, Guadalcanal, Sikaiana, Maramasike, Ulawa, Uki, San Cristobal, Santa Anna, Rennell, Bellona and the islands Santa Cruz. The distance between the most Western islands and Eastern is of approximately 1 500 kilometers. The islands Santa Cruz, in the north of the Vanuatu, are particularly insulated, with more 200 kilometers of the other islands. Volcanos with variable degrees of activity are located on certain larger islands, whereas several of the smallest islands are simply Atoll S tiny covered with sand and Cocotier S.
In the North-West of the archipelago, the island of Bougainville and other small islands dependant are included geographically in Solomon (from where their English name of Nordth Salomons ), although politically they are attached to the New Guinea-News-Guinea with a statute of autonomy since 2004.
See also: Economy of the Solomon Islands
The major part of the population depends on the Agriculture, the fishing, and the Sylviculture for at least part of their life. The majority of the manufactured goods and the oil products must be imported.
The islands are rich in mineral resources little exploited such as the Plomb, the Zinc, the Nickel, and the Or. The economic troubles in Southeast Asia led to an abrupt reduction in the industry of the timber structural and the economic output decreased by approximately 10 % in 1998.
The government instituted wage cuts in the public service and other sectors. The economy partially began again in 1999 thanks to the rise of the ransom prices over the worldwide market and the first complete year of exploitation of the mine Gold Ridge. However, in the middle of the year, the closing of the principal plantation of Palmier to oil of the country throws a shade on future prospects. The disastrous political situation is not likely to facilitate the economic growth.
See also: Demography of the Solomon Islands
See also: Culture of the Solomon Islands
CodesThe Solomon Islands have as codes:
- BP, according to the Code list countries used by NATO, code alpha-2,
- SB, according to the standard ISO 3166-1 (code list country), code alpha-2,
- .sb, according to the List of Internet TLD (Signal level domain),
- SLB, according to the standard ISO 3166-1, code alpha-3 (code list country),
- SLB, according to the Code list countries used by NATO, alpha-3,
- GROUND, according to the , code list country of the CIO
- GROUND, according to the international Code list of the number plates,
- power station-Eastern Austronesian Languages
- Languages méso-mélanésiennes
- Team of the Solomon Islands of football
- Languages of the Solomon Islands
- Languages of the Solomon Islands
Simple: Solomon Islands Zh-min-nan: Só·- lô-bûn Kûn-tó
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