The department of the Sarthe (72) is a department French crossed by the river éponyme.
PresentationThe department of the Sarthe east to dominant rural; it creates a true discrepancy with its chief town: the city of the Mans. This department rather vast and is populated relatively little since the urban surface of Mans includes/understands almost half of the total population of the department. The beauty as of its campaigns is remarkable. Sarthe North articulates with the the mancelles Alps on the level of Fresnaye on the Sarthe. A little more in North, of very beautiful valleys are visible, the more so as skirting the Sarthe, they offer a relatively beautiful landscape. The department is not really recognized for the quality of its landscape, but it remains of a great beauty. The department has many forests in particular those of Perseigne, of Rocked or Wood Epau. The department gains all its potential thanks to its Mancelle capital, since many are the old industrial parks in phase of reconversion, the more so as of many small villages inhabitants lose. We can thus consider the department under two faces: one extra-urban, Mans Metropolis, composed of the City of Mans and its very widened and very populated Urban Surface, and the remainder of the department, very " vert" , cultivated and rather little inhabited.
HistoryThe department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from part of the province of the Maine, known under the name of high Maine or white Maine. One associated to him with the south a band of territory, called the Maine angevin, taken on the province of Anjou around the towns of the Arrow, the Lude and Castle-of-Dormouse. A small portion of the Pole was assistant for him (3 communes). For Anjou, these are 29 parishes which were established, in order to form 27 communes.
Communes of the old province of Anjou located in the department of the Sarthe:
Arthezé, Aubigné-Racan, Bailleul, Bazouges-on-the-Dormouse, Beaumont-Foot-of-Ox, Dung, the Bruère-on-Dormouse, the Vault-with-Cabbages, Vault-of Aligned, Castle-of-Dormouse, Castle-the Hermitage, Chenu, Courtillers, Cré on Dormouse, Créans, Crosmières, Dissé-under-the-Lude, Dureil, the Arrow, Lavernat, Louailles, Lude, Luceau, Mayet, Our-Lady-of-EP, the Parcé-on-Sarthe, Gripped, Précigné, Pontvallain, Saint-Germain-with Arcé, Saint-Germain-of-Valley, St-March-with-Cré, Holy-Dove, Savigné-under-the-Lude, Thorée-the-Pines, Verneil-the-Weak, Verron, Unpleasant-under-Malicorne, Vion, Vouvray-on-Dormouse.
Its prefecture, Mans, was the chief town of the old province of the Maine. The other part of this province of Maine, shares the department of the Mayenne with the old province of Anjou. The old parts of the province of Maine were separate. Laval, formerly second city of Maine, under direction of Mans, is today chief town of the department of Mayenne.
GeographyThe Sarthe belongs to the area Pays of the Loire. It is bordering on the departments of the Orne, of Eure-et-Loir, Loir-et-Cher, Indre-et-Loire, Maine-et-Loire and the Mayenne.
In the north of the department, the landscape is closer to that of Normandy. On about thirty kilometers, a northern part of the department is called Norman Maine . It contains the landscapes known as of the the Alps-Mancelles .
In south-east, the climate is similar to that of the center and particularly of the Touraine. All the West of the department goes hand in hand with spaces of the Mayenne and the old province of the Anjou, with arable lands and farm exploitations of intermediate size.
LanguageThe resident of Sarthe is a dialect of the department of the Sarthe. It however is not used any more today as local patois. It does not have any more course and is not learned any more like would be the Breton one, Corsican or the Alsatian one. The accent remains only in the Northern part of the department, the Southern part depending more on the district of Angers. The accent is close to that to South-Norman, as with Alençon or the Eagle.
Departmental structureThe Sarthe is a department to which the form is close to that of a disc. This department is crossed North in South-west by the Sarthe, of the North-East in the Center by Huisne (which joined the Sarthe with the Mans) and of South-east in South-west by the Dormouse (which joined the Sarthe in the Département of Maine-et-Loire.
In the center of the Sarthe, with the junction of the Sarthe and Huisne Mans is. This city was creates by Gallic tribe of Cénomans. Mans was surrounded by a Gallo-Roman enclosure at the 2nd century after JC. The City was built on a hill overhanging the Sarthe, not far from the junction of the two rivers. The agglomeration “Mans Métropole” counts approximately 200.000 inhabitants today.
In the north of the Sarthe the town of Mamers is, of approximately 6000 inhabitants. This city is a sub-prefecture, it is located at the limit with the Département of the Flowering ash.
In the North-East the town of is the Ferté-Bernard, approximately 10.000 inhabitants. This city is crossed by Huisne, it is located on A11 (Paris-Nantes) at the limit with the department of Eure-et-Loir.
In south-east the town of Castle-of-Dormouse is, approximately 8000 inhabitants. This city is crossed by the Dormouse and is located on N138 (Mans-Turns), A28 (Rouen-Turns) as well as line RF the Mans-Turns. It is in extreme cases with the department of Indre-et-Loire.
In the south the town of is the Arrow, approximately 16.900 inhabitants. This city is a sub-prefecture crossed by the Dormouse in extreme cases with the Département of Maine-et-Loire.
In south-west Sablé-sur-Sarthe is, approximately 14.000 inhabitants. This city is crossed by the Sarthe and is located on line RF Mans-Angers like on A11 (Paris-Nantes). It is in extreme cases with the departments of Maine-et-Loire and the Mayenne.
In south-east Saint-Calais is, approximately 4000 inhabitants. This city is crossed by the Anchor-tie and is located on the RN 157 which connects Orleans to Rennes via Mans and Laval. It is in extreme cases of the Département of Loir-et-Cher.
ClimateLeitartikel: Climate of the Sarthe
The climate is that of a territory of the mid-west of France. Less rainy than Normandy or than Brittany, precipitations are about 140 days per annum. The fog, is more frequent to him in winter, more than snow. These are about 180 days of fog per annum which occur. The grèle, the storm or snow, are rarer and are not specific to the department. The dominant winds are those of the West. Those of North are less frequent. The rain and snow arrive on the department by these two currents. The climate varies North in the South. Misty and more cold of a few degrees in North, the cultures of vines, are they, favoured in the South. A meteorology service is installed in Mans since 1877.
EconomyThe Sarthe-native economy is marked inter alia by MY (Mutual insurance company of Mans Assurance), chickens of Rented (label), the manufacturing planies of Yoplait, Bel (cheese), Christ (preserves) and Bahier (rillette), the Renault factory (automobile) and the 24:00 of Mans… Today develops the centers of calls and the platforms logistic.
The geographical location of the Sarthe, which is with the doors of the west, made it possible indeed Mans to develop grace, in particular, on arrival of the train in 1854 and arrival of the TGV in 1989.
DemographyThe inhabitants of the Sarthe are called the Sarthois . Leitartikel: Demography of the Sarthe
CultureEach year, various cultural events take place in Mans:
In March the Crossroads are held of the Thought , a discussion forum on subjects of geopolitics organized jointly by the municipality of Mans and the diplomatic newspaper Le Monde .
In May takes place the Festival of Epau within the framework of the abbey of Epau, property of the general advice of the Sarthe.
Each summer the Gallo-Roman wall of Mans is illuminated by a named demonstration " The Night of Chimères".
In October, is held in Mans the " 25e hour of Livre".
In November takes place the Forum Le Monde - Mans , moment of exposed and debates on philosophical topics, organized by the municipality of Mans and the newspaper Le Monde .
For that, it is necessary to add many cycles of conference, among which those of following associations and institutions:
Connection University, Association of the Students in History (University of Maine), Historical and Archaeological Company of Maine ( Spring of the History ), General advice of the Sarthe ( A say ), Delegation of the Rights to the women (public courses on the History of the women to the abbey Vincent Saint)
The Castle of Lude.
Road infrastructureThe department of the Sarthe, from its geographical position, is very well provided by the road infrastructures and highway. The Sarthe is crossed by 3 highways: A11 (Paris Saint-Arnoult - Nantes via Chartres and Angers), A81 (Mans - Rennes via Laval) and A28 (Rouen - Turns via Alençon). These three highways form around Mans a highway star with 5 branches, making it possible the companies to establish warehouses and shipping companies in order to deliver the West of France with equivalent times of transport whatever the direction. The Sarthe is also equipped with main roads: the RN 23 (Paris - Nantes) from which there exists a section with 2 X 2 ways between the exchanger Mans-Auvours and Arnage, and the RD 337 (in the past RN 137) (Rouen - Turns) of which there exists a section with 2 X 2 ways between Saint-Saturnin and Pontlieu, this section is also used as Western by-pass at the city of Mans.
Moreover, the Sarthe is well equipped in RD making it possible to connect chaques cities and villages quickly.
- the Rillettes known as " of Mans" , famous nationally. (The cradle of the rillettes is in fact the commune of Connerré located at 25 kilometers of Mans.)
- potful or Sarthe-native pot.
- sanded (cookie).
- Jasnières (white wine) and Slopes of the Dormouse (white, rosy or red wine).
- miotée, serves Sarthe-native made up of bread and milk or cider.
TourismThe major events of the department are organized by the city of Mans. They are very often automobile sports events: 24 hours of Mans car, motor bike, truck (organizing: ACO), the Grand Prix of France Speed Motor bike (organizer: Dorna). But the city also has a team in Championship of France of Football of League 1 (Mans Union Club 72). In the same way, a team disputes the Championship of France of Basketball Pro has (Mans the Sarthe Basket).
The cultural events are not in remainder. The 25e hour of the Book (in October) like the night of the Dreams (August) or the Festival of Epau (May) and Europa Jazz Festival (May) are held in the old capital of Maine. The Artec Festival proceeds with the Ferté-Bernard, at the end of May. It brings together challengers of all France to organize robot-like tournaments of creations. It is the most prestigious French competition on the matter. Many schools of engineers make displacement each year.
The Château of Lude is a place interesting for its architecture. As in Mans with the night of the dreams, the city is illuminated during the summer to let appear a rich person inheritance. The commune organizes these festivities since about thirty years. The Valley of Dormouse is recognized at the regional level for its wines. The faience manufactures of the Malicorne-on-Sarthe are among most beautiful of the area. The zoo of the Arrow is recognized to have some races of rare animals. It is an attraction at the national level, just like the zoo of Gifted in Maine-et-Loire.
PolicyLeitartikel: Political of the Sarthe
- List of the general advisers of the Sarthe
- List of the deputies of the Sarthe
- List of the senators of the Sarthe
AdministrationLeitartikel: Administration of the Sarthe
Common of the Sarthe
- Old communes of the Sarthe
- List of the prefects of the Sarthe
- topographic, historical Dictionary and statistics of the Sarthe, follow-up of a biography and a bibliography. Julien Rémy Pesche. 1829.
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