The the Pantheon is a temple that the Greek and the Romains devoted to some of their Gods, for example the the Pantheon of Rome, dedicated to all the gods. This term indicates also the whole of the gods of a Mythologie or a Religion. In old Greek, πᾶν ( pãn ) “all means” and θεός ( theos ), “god”.
By extension, one calls the Pantheon a monument where the bodies of the famous men of a nation are deposited. The painter Raphaël initiated this use in 1520 while resting with the the Pantheon of Rome, example which was followed to the the Pantheon of Paris and in other places.
In the Antiquity, the cities were created under the aegis of a protective god of the city (“divinity polyade”), and the founder enorgueillissait himself to be the son of a god (especially at the Greeks). Let us panthéons national could increase foreign additions: thus the Égyptiens adopted Astarté, the Romains Isis, the Greek modified the Pantheon of the other people to stick it to their, the Phéniciens accommodated Hathor (lady of Byblos), the Asiatiques had a whole a national Bâal, the Carthaginois adopted the Greek gods, etc
We know best the Pantheon of the Greeks and the Romans. That of the Egyptians is also rather well-known for us (the Egyptian Pantheon must be considered spiritually different compared to those from Greece and Rome).
Here is a modest list:
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