See also: the Rhine (homonymy)
The department of the Low-Rhine ( 67 ) is a department French.
HistoryThe department was created with the French revolution, the March 4th 1790 pursuant to the law of the December 22nd 1789, starting from the northern half of the province of Alsace (Low-Alsace).
The limits of the Low-Rhine were modified with many recoveries:
- in 1793, it absorbed the counties of Drulingen and Sarrewerden lately annexed by France;
- in 1795, the area of Schirmeck was withdrawn to him and attached to the the Vosges;
- in 1808, of the territories in the east of the Rhine were attached to him, in particular the town of Kehl;
- in 1814, it lost all the territories in the east of the Rhine but gained territories in the north of the Lauter, coming from the old department of the Mount-Thunder, in particular the town of Landau;
- in 1815, it lost all the territories in the north of Lauter;
- in 1871, it was entirely annexed by the Germany (Traité of Frankfurt) and became then the Bezirk Unterelsass within the Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen ;
- in 1919, it became again French (Traité of Versailles) and kept the territories which Germany had taken at the department the Vosges in 1871 (Canton of Schirmeck and Canton of Saales).
- in 1944, Kehl is again attached to him before being reassigned with the FRG in 1953.
Leitartikel: History of the Low-Rhine
GeographyThe department of the Low-Rhine belongs to the Région Alsace. It is bordering on the departments of the Haut-Rhin in the south, the the Vosges and Meurthe-et-Moselle in south-west, of the the Moselle in the west, as well as Germany, in the east along the the Rhine and in north.
- Cantons of the Low-Rhine
- Intercommunalités of the Low-Rhine
- Common of the Low-Rhine
- Old communes of the Low-Rhine
Leitartikel: Geography of the Low-Rhine
ClimateLeitartikel: Climate of the Low-Rhine
EconomyLeitartikel: Economy of the Low-Rhine
DemographyThe inhabitants of the Low-Rhine are the Bas-Rhinois .
Leitartikel: Demography of the Low-Rhine
CultureLeitartikel: Culture in the Low-Rhine
TourismLeitartikel: Tourism in the Low-Rhine
PolicyLeitartikel: Political of the Low-Rhine
List of the deputies of the Low-Rhine
- List of the senators of the Low-Rhine
- List of the general advisers of the Low-Rhine
- List of the districts of the Low-Rhine
AdministrationLeitartikel: Administration of the Low-Rhine
The seat of the general advice is located at Strasbourg, in a building built by the Architecte Claude Vasconi.
List of the prefects of the Low-Rhine
Rightdetailed Article: local Right in Alsace and the Moselle
Alsace just like the the Moselle raise, in certain fields, of a particular local right, mainly resulting from the German right. Indeed, Alsace, most of the Moselle and part of the Meurthe remained appendices of the German Empire of 1871 to 1919.
OthersIt is a question of the last metropolitan French department to have preserved the “low” term in its name. The other departments which were concerned preferred to change denomination, considering this qualifier little developing. Examples: the Low-Pyrenees become in 1969 the Yrénées-Atlantiques or the Low-Alps, become in 1970 the department of the Alp-of-High-Provence. The same phenomenon was observed for the “lower” departments (Charente-Lower, Seine-Lower or Loire-Inférieure).
- General advice
- At discovered cities and villages of the Low-Rhine
- Wines and Recettes of Alsace
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