The Black Watch
The Black Watch (The Royal Highland Regiment) finds its origin of the companies of infantry raised in 1725 in order to maintain peace in Scottish Highlands. A few years later, they were 6 and took the nickname of “Black Watch”.
42nd Foot Regiment
In 1739, the British government decided to gather the companies “Black Watch” in order to form a regiment, which carried row 43 at the beginning of its career.
It was into 1751 that the British government changed the row of Black Watch; it took then the name of 42nd Regiment off Foot.
On 1758 to 1763, the British government decided to train a second for the 42e Régiment of Infantry. It was reformed in 1779 because of the lack of means in India to be sent there. It is at the time of the defense of Mangalore in 1783 qu' it acquired its glory. It also gained the nickname of " The Old Mangalore Regiment".
73rd Foot Regiment
In 1786, the 73e Régiment of Infantry (in English 73rd Foot Regiment) was born by the change of name of the 2nd Battalion of the 42e Régiment of Infantry.
The Black Watch
In 1881, the fusion of the 42e and 73e Régiments of Infantry created The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders), regiment with two battalions. This is why the 42e regiment became the 1st Battalion and the 73e 2nd.
From 1881 to 1913, The Black Watch was useful during many military operations, of which that in Egypt. During this program, it took part in particular in the battle of Such El-Kebir in 1882.
It was only in 1920 that Black Watch obtained its final name, i.e. The Black Watch (The Royal Hihgland Regiment).
In 1948, 1st and the 2nd battalion amalgamated.
In 2003, it also took part in the Guerre in Iraq
Since March 2006, The Black Watch (The Royal Highland Regiment) belonged to the Royal Regiment off Scotland and carries from now on the name of The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, The Royal Regiment off Scotland.
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