See also: History of the Alpes-Maritimes
The Romains had already created a province named the Alps Maritimæ (the Alpes-Maritimes) in 14 before J. - C.. It had as a capital Cemenelum (today Cimiez, a district of the north of Nice). In its greater extension, in 297, this province included Digne and Briançon, and its capital was moved with Embrun.
A first department of the Alpes-Maritimes existed of 1793 with 1814. Its chief town was Nice, but its limits differed from those from the current department, including Monaco and Sanremo ( Saint-Rème ) but not the district of Grasse (then in the department of the Var).
The current department of the Alpes-Maritimes was created in 1860 during fastening to the France of the Comté of Nice. It consisted of this county, county which was divided into a Arrondissement of Nice and a district of Puget-Théniers (these two district existed already in the old department (1793 - 1814), and of part of the department of the VAr, which formed the Arrondissement of Fatty. This explains why the Var does not cross the department of the same name, because it formerly formed the border between France (department of the VAr) and the County of Nice, but represents today, in its lower course, the limit between the two districts of the Alpes-Maritimes.
The Arrondissement of Puget-Théniers was finally removed at ends of economy in 1926 and was attached to that of Nice: the department thus comprises only two districts since then.
Name of the department in other regional languages
- in Of Provence, Aups Maritims according to the traditional standard or Maritime AUP according to the Standard mistralienne;
- in niçois, Alps Maritims according to the traditional standard or Alp Marìtimou according to the standard mistralienne.
See also: Political of the Alpes-Maritimes
List of the deputies of the Alpes-Maritimes
- List of the senators of the Alpes-Maritimes
- List of the general advisers of the Alpes-Maritimes
- List of the legislative districts of the Alpes-Maritimes
- List of the prefects of the Alpes-Maritimes
- List of the presidents of the General advice of the Alpes-Maritimes
See also: Geography of the Alpes-Maritimes
It is a very contrasted department, of which the coastal part, densément populated, gathers all the cities, while the mountainous part, wider but very little populated, is entirely rural.
Cours d' water: the White Acute , the Barlatte, the Will base, the Bendole, the Bévéra, the Borrigo, the Bourdoux, the Bouyon, the Brague, the Braisse, the Braus, the Cagne, the Caramagne, the Careï, the Castérine, the Chalvagne, the Cians, the Clans, the Ciavanette, the Coulomb, the Estéron, the Faye, the Fontanalbe, the Gorbio , the Gordolasque, the Guerche, the Levense, the Mining , the Wolf, the Lubiane, the Maglia, the Magnan, the Mairole, the Malvan, the Nieya, the Oglione, the Spangle (the Spangles), the Little rat, the Réfrei, the Riou, the Rioul, the Roudoule, the Roya, the Siagne, the Tinée, the Valmasque, the VAr, the Vésubie, the Vionène
See also: Climate of the Alpes-Maritimes
It is what made the celebrity of the Riviera. But one should not lose sight of the fact that the old County of Nice and the current department of the Alps Maritimes are not only one coast, that the complexity and the strength of the relief divide the points between those which are quite exposed (with the adret, side with the sun (in the south)…) and those which are it less (with ubac, in north…) ; that the softness of the Mediterranean climate makes forget its frequent excesses (violence of the storms, long dryness): it is thus difficult to speak about the climate in the singular.
- The littoral zone has a Mediterranean climate (precipitations in autumn and in spring especially, dryness of summer, rather soft and dry winter).
- Towards the interior, and especially in north, a climate of mountain (rather sharp winter, rains of summer).
- the sea and the mountain are the crucial factors of the climates in the Alpes-Maritimes: this juxtaposition of subtropical and almost periglacial conditions is not without consequence on the vegetation.
See also: Economy of the Alpes-Maritimes
Tourism is an essential resource, for all the coastal region (Riviera), and there is very developed (Nice is the second hotel city of France). Thanks to the softness of the climate, it is a vacation resort all the year. In mountain, there are also some winter sports resorts.
There are also well developed industries, like perfumery with Grasse or new technologies around Sophia-Antipolis and the Space center of Cannes Mandelieu, first satellite manufacturer of European and first industrial plant of the department.
The Alpes-Maritimes (at least the old County of Nice) have many ore layers, some exhausted. The extraction of the ore in the area goes back to the Chalcolithique (2500 av. JC). The department is given important material resources of careers (sand and gravels, limestone, gypsum). But have also finds other ores there like: copper, iron, siver-bearing lead, the arsenic sulfide, the zinc and also of uranium (ever exploited). More recently, certain mines (those of Duranus and of Coiled) go connaîtes an renewed interest on the scientific level with the discovery of new mineral species like the duranusite
See also: Demography of the Alpes-Maritimes
See also: Culture in the Alpes-Maritimes
Cannes festival (cinema)
- Festival of Juan-the-Pines (jazz)
- Nice Jazz-Festival (Nice)
- Carnival of Nice
- Festival of the lemon of Chin
It is not traditionalIt is not traditional is an annual demonstration of scale for the classical music, created by the General advice of the Alpes-Maritimes, in 2005. It is held with the Palate of the congresses Acropolis of Nice, occupying all the rooms available to start with the large auditorium of 2.400 places.
See also: Tourism in the Alpes-Maritimes
See also: Road of the seaside (the Maritime Alps)
For the only town of Nice, the sales turnover of the Tourisme represents 12 or 13 % of market share of tourism in France, the capital azuréenne being even the second hotel city of the country, just after Paris.
The town of Nice also has the second Aéroport of France (Aéroport Nice Riviera) behind Paris and its three entities of Roissy, Orly and Le Bourget with nearly 10 million travellers per annum who forward there (given 2006).
The edge of Mer where the essence of the population resides is one of the areas more the appraisals of the world with several assets:
- of the towns of congresses which spread out their activity over all the year (Cannes with its palate of the Festivals, Nice with Acropolis and the foreign neighbor but Monaco);
- istic richness Art and Culture lle (many Museum S of History, Art S).
In Mountain the Ski and the Randonnée give again life with Saint-Etienne-with-Tinée (Auron), Beuil, Péone (Valberg), Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Isola, Gréolières, Peïra-Undermined, Col of Turini, Camp of Money (Massif of Authion), etc
Notes and references of the article
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