See also: History of Thérouanne
At the time Gallic E, Thérouanne or Tervanna were the capital of Morinie, country of the Morins (Belgian tribe ). After the conquest of Gaulle, it received a Roman settlement . It was then the seat of one (évêché of Thérouanne) important Diocèse, set up by Saint Achaire. Most famous of its bishops is holy Omer. Saint Erkembode, monk Irish Benedictine, became bishop of Thérouanne at the 8th century. With the the Middle Ages, Thérouanne belonged to the Comté of Flanders, then Comté of Artois when it was detached some. The city was plundered by the Norman ones in 880 and 882.
By its strategic position, Thérouanne represented an important military stake, in particular during the Guerres of Italy. After the last seat, Thérouanne was shaven in 1553 on the order of Charles Quint, which even made there spread salt symbolically.
Thereafter, Thérouanne becomes an abandoned site. The Diocèse is removed in 1557, involving a recombining of the ecclesiastical administration.
The population starts to be reinstalled in Thérouanne at the end of the 19th century, creating the " Thérouanne" news;.
The site of old the Cathédrale was the subject of archaeological excavations at the end of the 19th century under the direction of Camille Enlart. In the Seventies, the excavations of the chorus of the cathedral include, under the direction of Roland Delmaire, then of Honore Bernard, who highlights the succession of the places of worship, groups episcopal mérovingien, cathedral romano-Carolingian, chorus Gothic, as well as the subjacent Gallo-Roman thermal vestiges of établissemnts. Under the impulse of H. Bernard, the site of the chorus of the cathedral is equipped with an archaeological base which makes it possible to accommodate the research teams. More recently, a building site was launched in the canonic district by the École of the charters and the Université of Lille III under the direction of Ghislaine Noyé, professor of archeology at the National school of the charters.
The principal archaeological discoveries relating to Thérouanne are preserved and exposed in the small museum of the commune, but principal work, the " large God of Thérouanne" , is sheltered by the cathedral of Saint-Omer.
Places and monuments
Information resulting from: Databases ministry for the Culture
Personalities related to the commune
List of the bishops of Thérouanne.
- Common of the Pas-de-Calais
- Web site of Thérouanne
- Thérouanne on the site of the national geographical Institute
- Thérouanne on the site of INSEE
- Thérouanne and the Community of Communes of Morinie
- Thérouanne on the site of Quid
- Localization of Thérouanne on a chart of France and communes bordering
- Plane on Thérouanne on Mapquest
- Audowiki, the history of Audomarois
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