The Tennessee is a State of the Southern the United States. It is surrounded in North by the Kentucky and the Virginia, in the East by the North Carolina and in the South by the Georgia, the Alabama and the the Mississippi, and in the West by the Arkansas and the Missouri.
The area now occupied by Tennessee was populated by various Amerindian tribes , in particular the Chickasaws, the Creek S and the Cherokee S. the territory was explored in the middle of the 16th century by the Spaniards, from of which Hernando de Soto in 1540, then, at the end of the 17th century, by French descending the the Mississippi (Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette, in 1673).
Following the treated of Paris of 1763, the area passed under English domination and, towards the end of the year 1760, of many English colonists coming from Virginia and from North Carolina the mountains crossed to be established in the valleys of Holston, the Watauga and Nolichucky. Daniel Boone was one of the first to traverse the area. The first permanent colony was created in 1769 in Watauga, then in 1772 an independent district, the Watauga Association, annexed by North Carolina in 1776. The first city of the State, Jonesboro, was founded in 1779 by of Caroliniens of North. After the war of Independence, the Western part of Tennessee was yielded by North Carolina to the federal government of the United States, while the oriental party, where was an independent government, formed in 1784 the Franklin State. In 1788, North Carolina took again the control of the area and, in 1790, this one was set up in “southernmost Territory of Ohio” ( Territory South off the River Ohio ). Tennessee was finally integrated into the Union on June 1st, 1796, becoming the 16th American State.
By a series of treaties signed between 1770 and 1835, the State gradually annexed all the territories however asserted by the Amerindians, constrained to go to settle more in the west. At the beginning of the 19th century, the large plantations of tobacco and cotton developed, particularly in the center and the west of the State, of which Nashville become the capital in 1843. Slave, Tennessee initially tried to avoid the secession and, directed by the governor Isham Harris, it was the last State to join the Confederation Southerner. The area constituted one of the principal battle fields of the American Civil War; very important combat were held with Fort Donelson, Chattanooga, Franklin and Nashville. First State Southerner with being réadmis in the Union, in March 1866, it escaped the difficult period from the “Rebuilding”. The Ku Klux Klan, secret society Southerner, was born in Tennessee since 1865.
In 2000 it counted 5 689 283 inhabitants.
The maximum altitude of the State is of 2025 m with the top of Clingmans Dome, which is located on the border is of Tennessee. Its geographical center is located at a few kilometers in the east of Murfreesboro and its point low is located at 54m with the top of the sea level.
Tennessee is geographically divided into three great zones: Tennessee of the East, Central Tennessee, and Tennessee of the West. He is traversed by the Tennessee.
Nashville, capital of the State
- Johnson City
- Oak Ridge
The Interstate 40 crosses almost the totality of the territory on a East-West axis. It joined the highways I-240 in Memphis, I-440 and I-840 in Nashville, and I-140 and I-640 in Knoxville. The other East-West important highways are the I-26 and the I-24. The North-South highways are the I-55, I-65, I-75 and I-81.
The principal airports are the International airport of Nashville (BNA), the International airport of Memphis (MEM), McGhee Tyson Airport (TYS) in Knoxville, Chattanooga Metropolitan Airport (CHA), and Tri-Cities Regional Airport (TRI).
According to the Bureau of the census of the United States, in 2005, Tennessee has a population estimated at 5.962.959 inhabitants, which represents an increase of 1,2%, that is to say 69.661 people, compared to the previous year; and of 4,8%, that is to say 273.697 people, compared to 2000. That includes a natural increase in 117.203 people since the last census (414 305 births minus 297.102 deaths) and an arrival of 159.680 people in the State, including 49.973 people coming from another country that the the United States of America, and 109.707 étasuniens.
Composition of the population according to the office of census:
- 16.4% Asian Blacks
- 0.3% Amerindian S
- 1.1% Mongrel
- 2.2% people of Hispanic origin.
In 2000, the principal ancestral groups were: American (17,3%), Afro-American (16,4%), Irishman (9,3%), English (9,1%) and German (8,3%). The population of origin Afro-American is especially concentrated in the areas of the west and the center, especially in the towns of Memphis, Nashville, Clarksville, Chattanooga, and Knoxville.
6,6% of the population had less than 5 years, 24,6% less than 18 years and 12,4% 65 years or more.
At the time of the presidential elections, Tennessee often is very divided between republicans and democrats and chooses in margins reduced for one or the other candidate.
In 2000, the voters of Tennessee were lacking with their former Senator, Al Gore, and the road of the White House while preferring to him to 51,15% the republican candidate George W. Bush barred to him.
A politically shared State
Since 2003, the governor of the State is the democrat Phil Bredesen. At the local level, at the time of the legislature 2007 - 2008, the Senate of Tennessee is dominated of accuracy by 17 republicans vis-a-vis 16 democrats whereas the Room is dominated by 53 democrats against 46 republicans.
At the federal level, at the time of the legislature 2007-2008, the two senators of Tennessee are the republicans Bob Corker and Lamar Alexander whereas 5 democrats and 4 republicans represent the State with the Chambre of the Representatives.
The Al Gore vice-president just like his father were senator of Tennessee.
In November 2006, the voters approved to 80% of the voices an constitutional amendment prohibiting implicitly the Homosexual marriage or any civil union granting to of the same people sex rights equivalent to those of the marriage.
This State knew its economic apogee between 1975 and 1982. Tennessee famous thanks to Nashville, was regarded at the time as the capital of the rock'n'roll. It then developed an economy based on in particular musical arts. Of 1975 with 1982 all the largest stars of the rock'n'roll recorded their album in Nashville (Johnny Hallyday, Rolling Stones, Elton John, Dick Rivers, etc). But Tennessee has also enormous mining resources (coal, iron, etc) and has a growth rate except standard (approximately 4% per annum) for a State located in the center of the USA.
On the level of the religion, the statistics are:
Christian - 82%
- Baptists - 39%
- Méthodistes - 10%
- Church off Christ - 6%
- Presbytériens - 3% Catholic
- - 6%
- Other Christians - 18%
- Other religions - 3%
- Atheistic - 9%
Tennessee is a State of the " Bible Belt " where the Baptistes are dominant, in particular the very preserving Southern Baptist Convention.
Tennessee Titans (NFL)
- Predators of Nashville (NHL)
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