Its inhabitants is called Tarbais.
GeographyTarbes is located on the Adour at 156 km at the west of Toulouse. It is located at an altitude of 304 meters.
NameThe city is named for the first time at Ve sièclesource manquante--> like Civitas Turba ubi castrum Bigorra . It was an important city of the Novempopulanie. Gregoire de Tours at the 6th century names it Talvam vicum . With the Moyen-âge it was called Tarbe (1214), Tursa , Tarvia (1284) or Tarbia . Not to confuse with the Tarbelles, whose capital was Dax.
EconomyTarbes is the second large industrial core of the Midday-Pyrenees behind Toulouse.
School of engineer ENIT (Group ENI) to also see ENI;
- Agricultural market;
- railway Construction Alstom
Socata, subsidiary of EADS, manufactures there Avion S of businesses and Tourisme of which TBM 700 and range of TB, for example the TB 20.
- Tarbes is the seat of the Chamber of commerce and industry of Tarbes and of the Hautes-Pyrénées. It manages the Airport of the Tarbes-Door-Pyrenees, the aerodrome of Tarbes-Laloubère, the consular Center of formation, the Kennedy Center and Autoport of the Pyrenees.
- Aerospace Valley constitutes the first world Pole of competitiveness in the fields of the Aéronautique, the space and the embarked Systèmes. Gathering structures located in the areas the Midday-Pyrenees and Aquitanian Tarbes accommodates project P.A.M.E.L.A (Process for Advanced Management off End-of-Life off Aircraft), this industrial project is based on the déconstruction of planes.
main actors of this project:
- SITA, in charge of waste and the recycling processing of materials within the group SUEZ
- Sogerma, a subsidiary company of EADS specialized in aeronautical maintenance
- the Joint Research Center EADS-CCR.
The municipal history of Tarbes under Ve République was marked by several alternations.
At the time of the elections of 1959, the outgoing socialist mayor, Marcel Billières, are victim of the good behavior of the Communist party but especially of pushed line, which manages to seize the town hall with the election of Paul Boyrie. This last is comfortably re-elected in 1965 (58,4%) and 1971 (55,2%). But its sudden death at a few weeks of the elections of 1977 sows confusion in the rows of the outgoing majority.
At the time of this poll, the Communist Paul Chastellain carries it as of the first turn (50,6%), with the head of a list of union of the left. He is re-elected in 1983 with 54,8% vis-a-vis Jean Journé (UDF-RPR), but is carried by an heart attack during the examination. Raymond Erraçarret (PCF) is then elected mayor by the municipal council. The new municipal official finds his armchair in 1989 with 54,1% vis-a-vis Jean Journé (UDF-RPR), then in a way more skimped (51,3%) in 1995, vis-a-vis Gerard Trémège (UDF-RPR).
2001 mark a new alternation then: Gerard Trémège, after a fusion of the lists DL-UDF and RPR, becomes mayor with 50,1% of the votes.
See also: Large Tarbes
Born from the Community of communes of the agglomeration tarbaise created in 1995, the Large Tarbes or the Community of agglomeration of Large Tarbes enjoys competences touching with transport, with the travelling entertainers, the culture, the sports, the environment, the university pole and the policy of the city.
The urban surface tarbaise is the second of the Midday-Pyrenees area after Toulouse, with 110.000 inhabitants.
- Celine Dumerc, (born in 1982), Basketteuse driving holder of the team of France;
- Placid Massey, pharmacist and botanist, large benefactor of the town of Tarbes (1777-1853)
- Lionel Beauxis, (born in 1985), Rugby player promising world champion of less than 21 years in 2006.
- Bertrand Barère, Revolutionary, appointed third state in 1789;
- Pierre Emmanuel Felix Chazal (1808 - 1882), general Belgian (naturalized in 1844);
- Charles Dantzig, writer and editor, price Jean Freustié and Roger Nimier in 2003, Price December and It in 2006.
- Mathieu Crepel (born in 1984), Snowboard er French;
- François Deguelt, singer, composer-songwriter was born in Tarbes on December 4th, 1932;
- Philippe Dintrans, rugby player;
- Isidore Ducasse, known as Lautréamont, provided education for with the Théophile Gautier college;
- Christophe Dupouey, champion of VTT;
- Ferdinand Foch (1851 - 1929) Marshal of France (1918) of Great Britain and Poland. Academician. ;
- Théophile Gautier, writer;
- Henri Genes, Actor and Singer;
- Yvette Horner, Musician;
- Christian Laborde, writer
- Nicolas Lopez, Fencing ur (saber ur) French born the November 14th 1980 in Tarbes;
- Cecile Ousset (born in 1936), Pianist;
- Laurent Tailhade, writer, polemist;
- Anne-Dye stick Touya, Escrime uses (saber uses) French (world champion 2001, with Nimes, and 2005 with Leipzig), born on October 19th 1981, and its brothers, Damien and Gaël, also at the top of the world fencing (Olympic champions with the saber by team in Athens in 2004).
- Gerard Lavaud, artist, painter
- Gilles Servat, singer and musician
- Jean Dembarrère, major general of Napoleon 1st, was born with Tarbes (Hautes-Pyrénées), of a noble family, the July 3rd 1747.
- Bernard Lapasset, born in Tarbes on October 20th, 1947, he was president of the French federation of Rugby (1991-2007) then elected President of the IRB the 19.10.2007. He had already occupied the presidency of the IRB, at the time not elected and revolving, in 1995-96.
- Jean Luc Sassus former player of foot professional
- Henri Borders painter, deceased in Tarbes in 1958
Tourist monuments and places
Remarkable buildings and public places
- Gone of the General Leclerc
- Fountain of the Love (19th century)
- monumental Fountain of the Four Valleys (19th century)
- Market Marcadieu of the type Baltard (19th century)
- National stud farm of Tarbes (19th century)
- Hospital of Ayguerote (17th century)
- Hotel of Lighter (17th century)
- Town hall (beginning 20th century)
- Garden Massey (19th century)
- College Théophile Gautier (old Imperial College) (17th-19th century)
- Native house of Bertrand Barère
- Native house of Théophile Gautier
- Native house of the marshal Foch
- Law courts (19th century)
- Park Beautiful-Air
- Park Paul Chastellain
- Park of the Young elm
- Place of Verdun
- Prefecture (old Evêché) (17th century)
- District Larrey (19th century)
- District Soult (19th century)
- Theater of the Innovations
Notre-Dame Cathedral of Sède (12th with 18th)
- Church Midsummer's Day (15th with 19th)
- Church Holy-Therese (15th with 19th)
- Church Holy-Anne
- Church Saint-Anthony
- Church Saint Martin's day , of contemporary architecture.
- Church Holy-Bernadette , also of contemporary architecture.
- Church Saint-Vincent-of-Paul , of pyramidal form.
- Chapelle of Ayguerote (17th)
- the Carmel was founded in 1870. Today property of the town of Tarbes, its vault became a place of exposures.
- Founded in 1986, the orthodoxe Église Serb Notre-Dame Source of Life is decorated splendid murals.
- In 2005, was deposited the first stone of the Mosquée Omar ibn Al-Khattab .
- Museum Massey: International museum of the Hussards and Musée of the Art schools
- Museum of the Deportation and the resistance, inaugurated in 1989
- Native house of the marshal Foch
- Carmel (showroom)
TwinningsTarbes has two twinned cities:
SportSporting city, Tarbes is represented with high level by:
- female Basketball:
- Tarbes Gespe Bigorre, evolving/moving in the elite LFB (several times vice-champion of France) and European since 1993 (winner of the Cut of Europe Ronchetti in 1996);
- , evolving/moving in Pro D2;
- Tarbaise d' Escrime, 9 times champions of France by team to the saber (last in 2006).
- the tournament of the Small Aces, the championship of the semi-official world of the 13-14 years, is an international tennis tournament being held each year since 1982 in Tarbes, most important in this category of age (tiny).
- of the Hautes-Pyrénées
- List of the bishops of Tarbes
- National stud farms
- Official site of the city
- Handy guide of Tarbes
- the Square national scene Tarbes Pyreénées
- Tourist office
- Tarbes and its history
- fountains of the Four Valleys
- Of the old photographs of Tarbes
- Official site of Large Tarbes
Sources of the article
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