Tanjavûr , also known under the name of Tanjore , is a city of the State of the Tamil Nadu in India. The city is on southern bank of the Kâverî, to some 400 km in the south of Chennai. Tanjavûr is also the principal city of the district of Tanjavûr. Formerly as well as the stronghold of the dynasty Chola, it, later, is controlled by the nayaks of the râjas of the Vijayanâgara, then marathes. The name of Tanjavûr comes from that the Asura Tanjan which, according to the local legend, caused devastation in the area and was killed by Sri Anandavalli Amman and Sri Neelamegapperumal. The last will of Tanjan was that the city was that the city is called according to its name, which was granted to him.
Tanjavûr is famous for the Temple of Brihadesvara builds by Rajaraja Chola, the first râja which builds a maritime empire. This temple of Brihadesvara is classified with the world heritage of UNESCO. The temple which is enclosed by two enclosing walls is surmounted by a high tower. Among the other historical buildings of the city, one finds the fort of Vijayanagara, which includes/understands a palate increased by the râja marathe Sarfojî and the library Saraswathi Mahal, which contains more than 30.000 European manuscripts and Indian writings on paper and sheet of palm tree.
Tanjavûr is one of the centers political, literary and religious important of southernmost India, particularly with regard to the carnatic music, the city generated many musicians and ballet dancers of Bharata Natyam. It is also known for its style of painting called painting of Tanjore and for a percussion instrument called Thavil which in is originating.
HistoryThe modern history of Tanjore starts with its conquest, in 1674, by the marathes ordered by Venkajî, the half-brother of Shivâjî Bhonsla. Its successors reign like râjas of Tanjore. The Britanniques come into contact with Tanjore for the first time during their forwarding of 1749 intended to restore on its throne the râja deposited, an unfruitful attempt. The râjas marathes hold Tanjore until in 1799. In October of this year, the district is yielded to the English Compagnie of the Eastern Indies in all sovereignty by the râja Sharabhojî which preserves only the city itself and a little ground around. Its death, in 1833, his/her Shivajî son succeeds to him, when this last disappears without heir in 1855, the dynasty dies out.
- 1684 - 1712: Shâhjî
- 1712 - 1728: Sarfojî I
- 1728 - 1736: Tukojî
- 1736 - 1737: Venkoji II
- 1737 - 1740: Sijan Bâî - Râni regent
- 1740 - 1749: Shahujiî
- 1763 - 1787: Tuljajî
- 1787 - 1799: Amir
- 1799 - 1833: Sharabhojî II
- 1833 - 1855: Shivajî
The district of TanjavûrBecause of its fertility, the district was called the garden of southernmost India . It is irrigated by a complex system of stoppings and channels using water of the rivers Kâverî and Coleroon and the ground is very productive. The delta of Kâverî occupies the plain in the north of the district, strongly cultivated, punctuated by plantations of coconut trees. It is one of the areas densément populated in India. The Riz is the cereal queen there. Tanjore is a ground of temples, good number of them being very old.
|Random links:||Pierre Duchesne (homonymy) | The Community of communes of the Country Belmontais (the Sarthe) | Chetaïbi | Tofaş Bursa | The lost Language of the cranes | Comté_de_Harrison,_la_Virginie_Occidentale|