Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors ) is a city south-west of the Finland located between two lakes: Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. These two lakes have a difference in altitude of 18 meters and are connected by the rapids of the river Tammerkoski which crosses the city. These rapids were an important energy source in the history of the city, more recently to produce electricity.
Tampere, with 206 000 intramural inhabitants, and more 300 000 by counting the contiguous municipalities, is the second Agglomération of Finland after that of Helsinki.
Tampere was founded in 1775 by Gustave III of Sweden on banks of the river Tammerkoski to be used as commercial counter. Four years later, in 1779, it accepted its official statute of city. At that time, Tampere was rather a small town, occupying a few square kilometers of grounds around the rapids Tammerkoski, with the foot of the moraine of Pyynikki.
Tampere was already an important shopping mall and industrialist at the 19th century. During first half of this century, it concentrated about half of the industrial activities of Finland. This specificity was worth to him the nickname of “Manchester of north”. Finnish give him sometimes another nickname, related to its history: Manse .
Tampere was a long time known for its textile industries and metallurgical, but of the specialized companies in the technologies the information and the Télécommunication S replaced these activities during the Années 1990. A great number of these companies are lodged in the techno-center of Hermia to Hervanta, close to the university of technology. Nokia has a research center there.
The city also lodged a extraordinary European Council the 15 and 16 October 1999, Finland taking the presidency of the European Union. The Convention countries then traced a plan of road aiming to the realization in the five years of space of freedom, of safety and justice European.
In 2006, Tampere has a little more 200 000 inhabitants and is the third larger town of Finland. But compared to the definition of the European Union, Tampere is not a city because of its too low population density.
Tampere has two universities, the Université of Tampere (ATU), in downtown area, and the Tampere University off Technology (CONCEALED), located in suburbs, with Hervanta. Each university counts in the neighborhoods 10 000 students.
One of the culinary specialities is the Mustamakkara (which one could translate by “black Saucisse”), which is a dish containing Porc and of Seigle with a Sauce with blood, accompanied traditionally by Confiture of Airelle.
Tampere belongs to the province of Länsi-Suomen lääni (Western Finland) and of the area of Pirkanmaa. The city is surrounded by the municipalities of Kangasala, Kuru, Lempäälä, Nokia, Orivesi, Pirkkala, Ruovesi and Ylöjärvi.
The sporting scene of Tampere is carried out by two teams of Hockey, Tappara Tampere and Ilves Tampere. They had both a great impact on the culture of the hockey in Finland and are most powerful of the country. The Football takes also more and more importance with Tampere United which gained the Finnish championship 2001 and 2006 and 2007.
It is also the town of birth and residence of Tommi Evilä, transitory hero of the world of athletics of Helsinki of 2005, single athlete medal-holder for the organizing country.
Tourist monuments and placesPrincipal tourist attraction is the amusement park Särkänniemi, which includes/understands a Dolphinarium and the tower of observation Näsinneula, surmounted of a gyratory restaurant.
Pispala is a site located between the lakes Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. It lodged the majority of the factories of the end of XIXe and the beginning of XXe. It is currently a residential district, and with its neighbor Pyynikki, it is an important historical place of Tampere.
173 km of Helsinki
- temp. max. 29,8°C
- temp. min. -26,4°C
Famous characters born in Tampere
Tampere is twinned with
- Site of the city
- Official site of the French tourist office
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