The Tamil Nadu (தமிழ்நாடு, " country of the tamouls" , in Tamoul,) State south of the India is a . It counts approximately 65 million inhabitants for a little more than 130.000 square kilometers. The average density is strong, but the population growth is lower than the Indian average. The Tamil Nadu richer and is urbanized more than the national average. The capital of the State is Chennai, formerly called Madras.
The Tamil Nadu was creates according to linguistic criteria in 1956: it corresponds about to the areas of India where one speaks Tamoul. The Tamil Nadu was called initially Madras; it took in 1969 its current name.
See also: History of the Tamil Nadu
(The territory seems occupied by the man since approximately 300.000. The populations dravidiennes are can-ête arrived towards 1500 before J-C, pushed by the projection of the Indo-European ones, however nothing is certain on this subject.)
With the independence of India, in 1947, the presidency of Madras became the State of Madras. It includes/understands the Tamil Nadu, as well as part of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The current borders go back to 1956.
GeographyThe Tamil Nadu is bordered in north by the Andhra Pradesh, in the North-West by the Karnataka, in the east by the Bay of Bengal and in the west by the Kérala.
One can distinguish two areas at the Tamil Nadu. In the West and the North-West where hills and mountains are, Is and the South are occupied by a coastal plain.
PolicySince 1986, the Tamil Nadu has a mono-fiscal system, like the majority of the Indian States
- One of the forms of ballet dancing of the India, the Bharata Natyam, is originating in the Tamil Nadu.
- Originating in the Tamil Nadu, the Silambam (practiced nowadays in mode of self-defense but also during the festivals in a lifting form), the Varma Kalai (art of the vital points), and the style of the South of the Kalaripayat count among oldest martial arts of the world.
TourismPrincipal tourist sites: Madurai and its Temple of Mînâkshî, Tiruchirapalli, Pondichéry, Mahaballipuram, Swamithoppe, Tanjavûr or Tanjore and its Temple of Brihadesvara
DistrictsThe Tamil Nadu comprises thirty districts
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