Tahiti is the largest island of the French Polynésie, in the south of the Pacific Ocean. It belongs to the Windward Islands in the archipelago of the Company.
HistoryThere is 5 000 years (3 000 front J. - C), of the inhabitants of the littoral of the China of the South, farmers of millet and rice, start to cross the strait to settle in Taiwan. Towards 2 000 before J. - C., of the migrations take place of Taiwan towards the Filipino . New migrations start soon of Philippines towards Célèbes and Timor and from there, the other islands of the archipelago Indonesia N. Towards 1 500 av. J. - C., another movement carries out Filipino in New Guinea and beyond that, the islands of the Pacifique. The Austronésiens are undoubtedly the first navigators of the history of humanity.
See also: Settlement of Oceania
GeographyLong at its points the most moved away, it 45 km covers approximately 1.045 km ² of which only 150 are inhabited and exploited. Its more high summit, the Mount Orohena, culminates to 2.241 Mr. It is coarsely by 17 southern degrees and 150 western degrees. Its capital is PAPEETE, is located on the north-western coast of the island. The island is composed of two parts centered on extinct Volcan S and connected by a short ground arm, the Isthme of Taravao. Largest of these parts Tahiti Nui is named (Large Tahiti) and the other Tahiti Iti (Small Tahiti). Only the coastal strip is inhabited on a depth which seldom exceeds two kilometers. Tahiti is the most populated island French Polynesia, with 70% of the total population. The population of French Polynesia was of 260.338 inhabitants in 2007. The official language is the French.
At 15km in the west of Tahiti the island-sister Moorea is located, whom one sees perfectly since the majority of the communes of the west of Tahiti Nui. Many workers live in Moorea and will work in Tahiti by taking the ferry every morning.
EnvironmentTahiti and the other islands know serious problems of loss of Biodiversité related to the urbanization, with pollution with the lack of purification of water, with the overexploitation of the fishing resources, but also with the introduction of invasive Espèces (Ex: Petite ant of fire (PF) imported of New Caledonia which started has to colonize the island, undoubtedly about 1990 -1995, to be officially announced only in July 2004 (made returned public in October 2004. The Service of the rural development (SDR) of French Polynésie has at the time of the season dries 2005 blocked the explosion for one year, but the known colonies took again their expansion. The Management of the Environment of French Polynesia, helped by privately held companies and Fenua Animalia slow down the expansion since December 2006 (5 colonies were treated on the public domain, with tests of evaluation of various practices because in spite of the assistance of the army, the treatments are not effective at 100%. In June 2007, at least 27 colonies are identified on 6 communes to the 27 03 07, in PAPEETE, Faa' has, Punaauia, Papenoo and Mahina. Two colonies were charted in the Green woodpecker (PAPEETE) and Souky (Faa' A) in 2007, but others exist that it is necessary to locate with the population).
Communes of Tahiti
Current communes of Tahiti:
- PAPEETE (capital)
- Arue (with the atoll of Tetiaroa)
- Hitia' has O You Ra (Papenoo, Tiarei, Mahaena, Hitiaa)
- Taiarapu-Is (Faaone, Afaahiti, Pueu, Tautira)
- Taiarapu-West (Teahupoo, Vairao, Toahotu)
- Teva I ATU (Papeari, Mataiea)
- Faa' has
They are distributed as follows:
EconomySee the article Economy of French Polynesia
Tahiti is also the administrative center of French Polynesia.
In spite of insulation, Tahiti shelters:
- Of the American international companies and Frenchwomen of aggroalimentaires, restorations such as Crossroads (2: in the communes of Arue and Punaauia)
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